Relational identification with parents, parenting, and parent–child value similarity among adolescents
We investigate the role of identification with parents in the socialization processes involved in parent-child value similarity. We examine the parenting correlates of identification, of acceptance of perceived parental values, and of value similarity. 547 adolescents reported their own values and the values they perceive that their parents wish for them. Parents reported their socialization values. Identification related positively to accepting perceived parental values. It related positively to value similarity only when adolescents perceived mothers’ values accurately. Identification and acceptance related positively to perceived parental warmth and responsiveness but negatively to perceived parental word-deed inconsistency.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
This manuscript explores alternatives to the currently dominant model of political identification with a nation (nation-state), namely versions of civilizational, cosmopolitan and identification. In the course of the research author concludes that transnational identification can not become a solution to the problem of “identity crisis” for large political communities. However, the theoretical investigation of this form of identification may be relevant to the life strategies of single individuals who face existence under the dominant political order of the nation-state, despite the fact that their practices in a global world has already gone beyond national borders.
The monograph may be of interest to students in the field of political theory, international relations and philosophy, as well as a wide range of readers ingaged in a problem of the construction of political identities in the era of globalization.
Utilising sources that range from 16th century parish registers to the 21st century supermarket loyalty card, this collection examines the history and development of identification documents and surveillance techniques over the past 500 years. Combining the knowledge of several experts from a variety of disciplines, this volume successfully demonstrates how identification and registration can enable and empower a population, particularly if the interests of the state and population coincide. It also reveals the weakness of states or corporations when dealing with issues such as popular resistance and fraud, despite great leaps forward in the scientific methods of identifying individuals. This important book offers a vital contribution to the literature on a variety of topical subject areas such as biometric identification, immigration control and personal data use, as such it is of interest to students and scholars of civil and human rights amongst other disciplines.
The paper deals with the algorithm of the identification of discrete systems with variable delay, consisting of an ideal sampler, zero-order hold and the linear continuous part. The delay parameter (fractional part of time delay) is estimated through the inverse modified Z-transform. The estimation is based on the equality of the continuous-time part step response to zero at the time delay point. The time delay of the discrete system (integer component) is adjusted by means of the integer part of the estimate obtained.
The monograph is focused on Russian intelligentsia self-identification that is considered both in the philosophical and in the cultural perspective. The text consists of two parts. The first one deals with the formation of the intelligentsia, beginning from the 18th century to the present, the problematization of the most important themes and ideas is displayed; the second one reveals a specific intellectual, spiritual, vital opposition of Dostoevsky and Tolstoy to the Russian intelligentsia history, status, and fate. Both writers, while holding diametrically opposite world outlooks, were quite critical towards the intelligentsia’s ways of thinking, its ideology, basic values and behavior patterns.
A special attention is paid to the intelligentsia’s “binary consciousness” that “works” pendulum-like, shifting from some specific values to the opposite ones and back, as well as some of its representatives’ holistic (all-embracing) worldview that is quite contrary to the dialogic one. It is not only reflection exercise, but the value content of intelligentsia’s ideas as well. The ideas within that worldview from time to time change up ground, sometimes up to the quite opposite ones. Dostoevsky reconstructed the negative image of an intelligentsia member and, paradoxically, reproduced the same binary oppositions approach in his own worldview. Tolstoy, in his philosophy and life-faith, tried to return to the culture of interpersonal dialogue and integrity.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.