The article compares the approaches of Australian and Russian tax authorities and courts to the interpretation and appplication of foreign legislation. It provides an analysis of issues in translation and interpretation of Chinese laws in Australia in cases related to international taxation as presented by Prof. N.Sharkey. It also analyses the similar and distinctive features of application of foreign legislation by Russian courts.
The article presents the results of the research which aim is to analyze the reaction of enterprises to changes in Labor laws norms since the time of a new Labor code introduction (February 2002). The authors analyze the findings of two surveys of top-managers each based on a sample of 300 industrial enterprises. The analysis shows that in spite of a relatively short time past after introducing the new Labor code topmanagers of enterprises are rather well aware of its contents. But most of them evaluate changes in comparison with the previous Code of Labor laws as insignificant ones. Accordingly significant changes in actual employers' behavior in labor sphere have not been found yet. Perhaps the only sphere where new norms of Labor law have led to real changes in the employers economic behavior is the increase of workers employment on fixed-term contracts.
There is a commonly held belief that police corruption in Russia is rampant. While many scholars have proposed policies on how Russian police can modernize, extant research has been static or linear. Studying the history of the developed nation-states which have successfully tackled corruption and experienced similar social organizations of shadow practices is a better approach to designing an anti-corruption policy for Russia, rather than simply borrowing foreign practices with little reference to their socio-political development. Drawing upon the Australian experience of police corruption and reform in the 1950s, we suggest anti-corruption policies for the contemporary Russian police force. To do this, we apply an event structure analysis (ESA) to identify the key organizational and institutional factors which contributed to the formation and subsequent dissolution of the First Joke, a corrupt police network which operated in the Queensland Police Force from 1950s—1980s. We design our policy recommendations taking into consideration the particularities of the Russian police and our ESA of the First Joke. Our analysis suggests that curtailing cumbersome state regulations and the over-reliance on police performance evaluation, establishing democratic oversight, improving the current recruitment and selection system, developing community policing alongside further market liberalization and democratization could be effective policies for Russia.
The Afroeurasian world-system (AEWS throughout) is the largest world-system that in the period of its largest expansion (prior to its transformation into the planetary World-System), in the 13th – 15th centuries encompassed almost all the societies of Europe and Asia and a substantial part of African societies.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/