Праздное и непраздное любопытство в XII веке
Modern historical vexillology of pre-Modern epoches deals mostly not with real banners but with their descriptions or images. This is why one should apply also for this disciplin (now breacking out from museums) all methods of historical source criticism. The main task of vexillology consists not just in describing its objects but in studying specific features of cultural interrelations designated by banners. The article traces, how European vexillological traditions have been formed in late Antiquity and throughout Middle Ages.
The paper contains an academic program of discipline «Sociology of Religion and Secularization». The discipline can be included in different humanities academic programs.