Оценка эффективности социальных проектов на основе индикаторов качества жизни населения
Some aspects of social activity in Russia are investigates in this article – what can be meant, what kind of resources can be given for this sector from different types of investors. Problems and modern tendencies in Russian “third sector”. This article is a step of analysis for further research.
The evaluation and analysis of effectiveness of social and social and political projects is one of the important components of the management system of such projects. Presently, no convincing methods for the evaluation of the social effectiveness of investment projects have been elaborated, both in theory and in practice. In the article the methods, which might supplement the traditional approaches to the evaluation of the effectiveness of social projects, are proposed.
Cities nowadays compete for the excellence of their human potential providing better quality-of-life on its territories. Quality-of-life estimation is considered to be the performance indicator for city management efficiency. On the other hand, being subjective marker it reflects citizen satisfaction by the urban services quality that includes some extent of various life domains enjoyment. This study has attempted to assess the degree to which the life satisfaction affects the city satisfaction. Research examined perception of urban services quality in the main seven spheres (health care, education, social security etc.) built on survey of residents in Perm. Based on the results achieved we try to highlight the usefulness of the city satisfaction modelling to support the determining of the urban policy priorities.
Based on the experience of project activities implemented in the framework of the educational process in the Nizhny Novgorod campus NRU "Higher School of Economics", the article examines the contribution of the project approach to the development of professional and key competences that are in demand of the labor market.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.