Современные подходы к обучению студентов неязыковых вузов навыкам различных видов чтения
Developing academic skills is a major purpose of foreign language studies. Reading skills are prior to raising language competence. Mastering different kinds of reading (skimming, reading for gist, scanning, reading for detail) leads to a general increase of language skills. The teacher's task is to train students to know what to learn and how to learn it. The article covers modern approaches to teaching reading skills.
Academic environment constraints, i.e. limited amount of EFL hours for non-majors, call for a careful consideration of the stakeholders' needs in curriculum design in higher education context of a non-English speakign country. Tailoring an EFL course to those needs lands itself into an integrated program, comprising several study areas. This article discusses a case of syllabus design, combining a traditional EFL component, academic skills training and major-specific content (Country Studies for International Affairs majors). The author discusses the application of a solf systems methodology (SSM) in the academic environment.
In parallel with the increasing complexity and uncertainty of social, technological, economic, environmental, political and value systems (STEEPV), there is a need for a systemic approach in Foresight. Recognizing this need, the paper begins with the introduction of the Systemic Foresight Methodology (SFM) is introduced briefly as a conceptual framework to understand and appreciate the complexity of systems and interdependencies and interrelationships between their elements. Conducting Foresight systemically involves a set of ‘systemic’ thought experiments, which is about how systems (e.g. human and social systems, industrial/sectoral systems, and innovation systems) are understood, modelled and intervened for a successful change programme. A methodological approach is proposed with the use of network analysis to show an application of systemic thinking in Foresight through the visualisation of interrelationships and interdependencies between trends, issues and actors, and their interpretation to explain the evolution of systems. Network analysis is a powerful approach as it is able to analyse both the whole system of relations and parts of the system at the same time and hence it reveals the otherwise hidden structural properties of the systems. Our earlier work has attempted to incorporate network analysis in Foresight, which helped to reveal structural linkages of trends and identify emerging important trends in the future. Following from this work, in this paper we combine systemic Foresight, network analysis and scenario methods to propose an ‘Evolutionary Scenario Approach,’ which explains the ways in which the future may unfold based on the mapping of the gradual change and the dynamics of aspects or variables that characterise a series of circumstances in a period of time. Thus, not only are evolutionary scenarios capable of giving a snapshot of a particular future, but also explaining the emerging transformation pathways of events and situations from the present into the future as systemic narratives.
The introduction gives a review of current approaches to teaching reading in a foreign language at a university level developed in Western and Russian research. It describes the goals of the book and explains its structire.
The paper considers the problem of organisation of EAP classes aimed at developing students’ research competencies that are to be realized in the process of preparing their graduation thesis. The following stages are suggested: designing the research, introducing students to the formalities and technicalities of writing a research paper, developing academic skills. This diversity of the tasks poses a number of challenges for the stakeholders of the educational process requiring certain techniques to overcome them.
Supplementary material to “Economics” by Ch. St. J. Yates to develop reading, writing, listening, speaking academic skills. And to master economic terms.
The article examines various teaching methods aiming at increasing motivation for English language learning, both professional and academic. Complex development of skills necessary to undersdand lectures and different forms of public speaking, critical evaluation of and analytical approach to their content contribute to forming key competences of a university graduate.