Обеспечение качества дополнительного профессионального образования в России с учетом международного опыта
The article deals with the problems of the sphere of extra- vocational education in Russia, which is being just forming in our country including different classes of population. According to the author it is important to render relevant services of extra education, taking international experience into account. The author considers that there is a great deal of work in creating national educational standards ahead of us in order to construct a modular vocational education based on them and to form a sphere of extra-vocational education.
Since the first works on Higher Education Administration in the 1970s no comprehensive work in terms of purpose and scope of Higher Education has been published. There have been important changes in people’s aspirations vis-à-vis higher education globally. In parallel, the higher education systems, worldwide, have been undergoing constant transformation in response to these aspirations. From governments, employers and prospective students and their parents, the stakeholders in higher education system are now extremely varied paying close attention to the various aspects of higher education - from infrastructure, on-campus safety and security to administration, faculty and curricula. The present series attempts to take into account the issues of importance to all the stakeholders. Hence the series not only pays attention to the purpose and outcomes of higher education but also the economics surrounding higher education vis a vis marketization. The nitty gritty of running and maintaining a university infrastructure, impact of globalization and internationalization on delivery and demand of higher education, the commoditization of research, and changing paradigms of teaching and learning fall within the purview of the series. The increasing competition from other entities to provide degrees, certificates or other forms of credentials makes it important to have a work that brings all of the elements together to see how they actually interact and inter-relate from a systems perspective. The present series attempts to comprehensively attend to these issues and provide a complete reference resource to all those involved and interested in setting up of a Higher Education institution and its administration.
Author discusses the most important and controversial issues associated with the project of educational standards for high school: a paradigm shift from "vseobuch" to "actionism", the need for teacher retraining, the changing nature of public control over the school and also the question of when new standards should be the implemented. Special attention is paid to the basic curriculum: subjects studied at a basic or advanced level; the need to reduce the number of existing subjects; rationality of the choice of subjects, which are assumed to be compulsory by the standards. Author also notices that one of the strengths of the new standards is moral and personal development of students.
The given project is a cmponent of a series of projects under the common title "Improving the USe of Economic Instruments for Water Management in the Republic of Buryatia (Lake Baikal Basin), implemented under the auspices of the Orgnisation o Economic Coopertion and Development (OECD) within the framework of implementation of the EU Water Initiative as applied to the region of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). The given second report was prepared in order to analyse international experience in water resources management and identification of instruments that might be used in the Republic of Buryatia.
Academic literature and expert communities actively discuss possible new sources of economic growth and social development. The task of maximizing the creative potential of an individual, including innovative, entrepreneurial activity – is central. The economy and society require a massive influx of technology entrepreneurs and leaders. For the education system, this sets the aim of preparing people who are ready for proactive action in the economic and social sphere. In the present paper, we consider the approaches to training and assessing the effectiveness of educational programs and courses in the field of entrepreneurship education in universities worldwide, and offer an evaluation of the effectiveness of such programs using the example of a course organized with the participation of RVC (“Russian venture company”). The authors hope that the results of the presented study will help to develop the evidence-base approach for creating an integrated ecosystem of entrepreneurship support, including the technological sphere.
The article is devoted to improving the quality of education in prospective interdisciplinary areas of knowledge such as biomedical engineering. The experience of universities in the U.S.A. and Western Europe is described. Particular attention is paid to the content formation and certification of educating and training programs.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.