In this paper, we compare age-earnings profiles between generations. Our empirical estimates are based on the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE (RLMS-HSE) data, 1994–2015. Using the long time-series panel, we overcome age-period-cohort problem inherent in the linear cross-sectional models. The main result in this paper is comparison of monthly income of different cohorts of individuals (in constant prices), controlling for a wide set of explanatory variables.
According to the common definition of unemployment, the unemployed are those who are not in paid employment or self-employment, are seeking work and are available for work. А job search model is estimated from a sample of the unemployed and from some extended samples of the jobless, obtained by loosening that definition gradually. Revealed similarities and differences constitute the result of the research.
The Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) was initially created by the G-7 countries in 1992 as a way to obtain objective nationally representative data on the social, health and economic situation in Russia. It was established to mirror a multipurpose survey—the China Health and Nutrition Survey—and provide in-depth reliable raw data on Russia, accessible for the first time to both Russian and global scholars and institutions. This was instituted in the period following January 1992, when the Russian Federation introduced a series of sweeping economic reforms, including eliminating most food and reducing fuel and other subsidies, using freely fluctuating market prices, privatizing many state enterprises and working to create a growing private sector with private land ownership.
The paper analyzes the dynamics of the Internet penetration in Russia during the period between 2003 and 2015, both in the general population and in the context of various socio-demographic groups. We apply CHAID and hierarchical cluster analysis to determine socio-demographic groups with the highest level of the Internet penetration and the most common patterns of the Internet use. In general, the proportion of the Russian population getting access to the World Wide Web dramatically increased over the period between 2003 and 2015. Teenagers and young people with a university diploma or a college degree, who lived in urban areas, along with adults with a university diploma were the most likely to use the Internet. Those who used PC for browsing the Web either did it for work-related purposes or appeared to be reluctant Internet-users. Those who opted for laptops, tablets or mobile phones went online for multiple purposes and those who logged on the Internet exclusively for recreational purposes had no preferences for a particular type of an electronic device.
The author focuses her attention on the analysis of the general and the particular in the adaptation of specialists on the basis of the data collected in Russia by the NRI HSE in the course of monitoring the population’s economic situation and health (RLMS-HSE), comprising a vast body of classified information on the changes in the conditions and quality of life of the Russian people.
The paper observes the main patterns of youth consumption and leisure in contemporary Russia. It relies on the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE, a set of nationally representative household-based surveys which includes data collected from 1994 to 2013. The data shows that by 2010 the level of youth consumption has risen along with the households’ overall income and expenditure. The alleviation of financial problems prompted the redistribution of time between work and leisure, so youth turned to the active cultural consumption, including non-entertainment services. However, the total increase in products and services consumed went hand in hand with the rise of differentiation in the availability of durables, patterns of consumption and leisure practices.