Новые концепции в комплексном лечении пациентов с травмой спинного мозга, включающие реконструктивную микрохирургию и последующую реабилитацию
This work is been based upon the experience of performing 100 reconstructive microsurgical operations with transplantation of combined vascular-neural autografts, in 24 cases - with introduction cellular material into zone of transplantation. The complex approach aimed to creating optimal conditions for the functional regeneration of the spinal cord (SC), including neurosurgical methods restoring anatomical integrity of the organ and also multicomponent and staging rehabilitation of patients has been developed. On the base of complex approach during a postoperative period there has been put synchronous multifactorial action, consisting of functional multichannel electrical pacing of muscles simultaneously participating in tumble. The patient concentrates all his attention on the trial to tumble with paralized extremities by himself. At that the series and the site of application of these electrical impulses forms the algorithm of this tumble. Synchronism of produced afferent and efferent impulses creates new possibilities in activating of regenerating processes in the damaged area of the spinal cord. As a result of treatment within the bounds of the developed program the authors get clinically and electrophysiologically proved certain improvement that they can not only predict but guarantee patients of this group. Presented here results of the complex treatment of patients w ith trauma of the spinal cord within the framework of research international program confidently testify advantages of the new approach to solving of this problem. For the first time in history of medicine there is created close cooperation and regular continuity between molecular biology, neurosurgery and rehabilitation. This scientific alliance permits in proper time to keep a close watch, quickly correct and improve every stage of treatment. The effect of implement of innovations is been summarized at the each next stage of proposed complex treatment and eventually significantly elevates an ultimate result of medical rehabilitation of invalids with trauma of the spinal cord.