Являются ли Котельники этномиграционным анклавом? Кейс-стади города-спутника Москвы на предмет этномиграционных характеристик его жителей
This article gives an account of residential patterns in the Moscow satellite city of Kotelniki, with a particular focus on the residential concentration of migrants and possible ethnic enclavization. The article draws on sociological research conducted using a variety of methods: in-depth and expert interviews, observation, and document analysis. It examines the history of Kotelnikiʼs urban development, the migration waves which formed its current population, the residential preferences and patterns of “migrants” and “locals”, and the factors of migrantsʼ residential concentration including its proximity to the “Sadovod” market and low-priced housing in newly built apartment blocks. In conclusion authors assert the need to better conceptualize the term “enclave” for it to be used in empirical studies, and identify areas for further research regarding places with a concentration of migrantʼ residents and, more broadly, migrantʼ residential patterns in Moscow and Russia.
The article considers the folklore reaction to a new uniform of employees of the Russian Post on the background of the folklore portrait of the Russian Post as a whole. Jokes, anecdotes, memes and photo collages, accentuating the unreliability and low delivery of mail, serve as a background for making fun of a new uniform resembling the Gestapo
The article describes the project "The Folklore Map of Moscow", on which the authors work. The goal of the project is to describe the maximum number of spatial objects in Moscow with which folklore texts, beliefs and practices are associated, to analyse the system acording to which these folklore phenomena function, and present them as an online resource
The article tells about the project, whose task is to describe the folklore tradition of Moscow, its spatial distribution, the types of folklore texts and practices existing in the modern metropolis, and their changes
Collection of articles devoted to the study, museification and preservation of the intangible cultural heritage of the city
The article deals with city space, visual outdoor information, commercial advertisement, social advertisement in African countries, and the ways the latter reflects social disorders and conflicts. The main source is a compilation of photos of social advertisement on billboards, taken by the author and her colleagues during anthropological expeditions to Africa. Much attention is given to such problems as violence within family and against women, corruption, AIDS and Ebola pandemics, teenage pregnancy, "sugar daddies", etc. It is clear, that one and the same problem in different cultures is perceived differently and requires different attitudes toward people’s psychology; though social advertisement mirrors societal concern in African countries, quite often this reflection is based on Western point of view and from the perspective of Western moral and cultural values. In this regard the cases of fully local advertisement (sponsored neither by international humanitarian organizations nor by government) are of most interest: this is a private initiative of people wanting to draw attention of their fellow citizens on the most acute problems of social development and using means at their disposal such as billboards.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.