«Экономика масштаба» или «экономика разнообразия»: на что опираться вузам в конкурентной борьбе?
This conceptual article presents microeconomic approaches to analyzing the shifts in universities’ expenses and the saving effects of the scale and scope of HEI’s activities. The authors provide an overview of econometric studies which assess the effects considered for universities in some countries. As a result, there comes to be questioned the economic feasibility of consolidating and expanding the universities’ activities, the reasonability of combining research with educational activities. The discussion concerns the transformation of the universities’ economy in the context of education digitalization, the prospects of the «economy of scale» and the «economy of scope» to be compared. The conclusions are drawn on the possible benefit for large universities, on its consequences for competition in higher education, and on the partnership benefits for all market players.
The book contains abstracts of papers presented at the Third Saburov reading. Most of them develop ideas and topics specifically related to the life and works of Eugene F. Saburov (1946-2009) - statesman, reformer, a prominent organizer of education, writer and poet. Like the preceding Saburov readings, in a statement reflected the problems of innovation and reform in the Russian society. A prominent place is given to the results and prospects of the reform of education are analyzed its regional aspects, financial and economic mechanisms.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.