Влияние семейных факторов на академическую успеваемость обучающихся
The family as an informal institution has a diverse influence on the child, including his academic performance. In childhood, this influence is pronounced. As the child grows older, the influence of the family transforms and may change the nature of its influence. Generally, in existing studies, the authors focus on the academic performance of one particular group — either schoolchildren or students. The paper presents a comparative analysis of the results of studies of the family influence on the schoolchildren and university students’ academic performance. The comparison is made according to two factors — the socio-economic status of the family and the social capital of the family. This paper examines the question of whether family factors that have proven their influence on the performance of schoolchildren retain their influence on the performance of students during university education. A literature review of Russian and foreign studies has shown that in general the socioeconomic status of the family and the social family capital have a positive effect on the academic performance of both schoolchildren and students. However, some issues of these factors did not confirm their importance (for example, the presence of brothers and sisters). In addition, it was found that the influence of the family changes over time and is determined by the nature of the relationship between parents and students. The results of this review may be of interest to researchers in the field of education, pedagogy and psychology of learning, employees of educational institutions, as well as parents of schoolchildren and students.