Parent involvement is understood as parents’ participation in children’s academic development and education, including parenting educational practices, beliefs and motivational attitudes. This review is aimed at three goals. First, to track the interrelations between educational trends and changes in research questions in parent involvement studies based on the history of parent involvement studies in the USA. Second, to show main concepts, results, models and trends in parent involvement research. Third, to present the state of art in Russian parent involvement research literature. The importance of parent involvement research in Russia has been supported by both educational policies, and by active position of students’ parents who want to know for sure what amount of their involvement is beneficial for their children
This article aims at reestablishing the context of the educative model, carried out by Jan Amos Comenius in his famous work Orbis sensualium pictus (1658). We have demonstrated that pedagogical thought of Comenius brings together two rival models of the production of knowledge and studying sciences: mathematical and topical. The heuristic potential of the topical method and the “science of the verisimilar” have been examined on the basis of the G. Vico’s juridical topics, considered against the background of his predecessors (Caccialupi, Vultejus). It has been shown that the didactic model, appealing to the common sense – in Comenius as well as in other followers of the rhetoric epistemology – is neither the deduction of the manifold experience of the world from one minimal foundation by the means of the single-type logical operations, nor an all-embracing classification. This model aimed at mapping the manifold reality and persuading the audience by means of a sophisticated repertoire of rhetorical skills; its main goal was the formation of the “civil nature” of a person. This ability of the probable reasoning turns out to be a condition of possibility of the complete definition of a thing (notio completa), which simultaneously endows the speech with “fullness” (oratio plena). Thus, the logical ideal of the complete definition and the rhetorical perfection of the speech come together.
Young teachers is a special group, which requires special attention. The young teachers are those who will become the nucleus of the teachers' corps within the next few years and will implement the ongoing educational reforms. This paper is a review aimed to explore areas of young teachers researches in Russia and other countries.
Based on the review, several areas for the study of young teachers can be identified: the adaptation studies, studies of professional competence of new teachers, professional development and personal characteristics of teachers.
Therefore, based on the data of existing studies, it is possible to identify the main characteristics that describe a cohort of young teachers. However, not only descriptive but also comparative analysis might be interesting and informative. What happens to the young teachers in a few years? How do they differ from the older age groups of teachers? The comparative analysis also can expand the context and provides useful results.
Introduction. The paradigm of the modern higher education focuses on individual learning experiences and satisfaction of students. The communication between teachers and students has a direct influence on these factors. It cannot be simply reduced to formal in-class interactions as such contacts inevitably include interpersonal components and expand beyond classroom settings. The present study considers out-of-class communication as any time faculty and student spend during non-classroom time. The purpose of the research is multifold: to identify the specific features of this process and to find out the students' and teachers' characteristics that influence their interest and actual involvement in out-of-class communication. Research Methods: the research is based on a psycho-sociological approach and looks at the development of values, behaviors and attitudes to the outside world in the interpersonal context. To identify the presence and levels of interest in and experience of out-of-class communication and the influence of the participants’ characteristics on these, the authors conducted a survey among students and faculty. Results. Students reported a noticeable interest which seemed to be related to their grades and the year of study: 1st year students and high-achieving students were more enthusiastic. However, the real experience of out-of-class communication with faculty was considerably lower than the expressed interest. Faculty were also rather interested in this type of interaction, especially females, young teachers and teachers over 40. The actual experience was lower than the reported interest. Conclusions. The identified gap between the level of interest and real experience may call for active involvement of educational managers and participants of the learning process in order to promote out-of–class communication. The awareness of the fact that certain characteristics of students and faculty may have an impact on their perceptions and behaviors could assist in developing and implementing efficient measures to harmonize and improve the quality of out-of-class interaction.
In the context of the digital transformation of education, the need for analytical tools to describe, identify the causes of success and failure, as well as determine the next development steps for updating educational work, is growing. The methodology for assessing the use of innovative IT-supported educational work in schools is proposed. The methodology combines the survey's data collected from the educational process participants (descriptive tools) and the interpretation of the changes provided by the prescriptive models. The methodology has grown from the attempts to evaluate the use of innovative IT-supported methods of educational work in the school during the pilot SELFIE project (Selfreflection on Effective Learning by Fostering the use of Innovative Educational Technologies) in the academic year 2017/18. The proposed methodology can be used for a meaningful interpretation of the surveys' data on the use of digital technologies in educational organizations.
In the article values and models of behavior in relation to representatives of outgroups and their transformation during the first half of XX century discuss on the basis of the analysis of the content of textbooks for primary school. Following trend was identified: the installation of the in-group favoritism broadcast pupils at discussing ecological phenomena slightly less active than in the textbooks of reading. The purpose of such an influence is obvious: intergroup differentiation leads to the awareness of the members of the group of his oneness, combined with the refusal from communication with representatives of outgroups.
As a result the ingroup becomes more salient features, the evaluation of «their» (positive) and «strangers» (negative) are becoming more categorical.
The educational process always requires the implementation of scientificity, accessibility, visibility, systematicity and consistent presentation of educational information. Today, the flow Д.В.Буримская 104 of educational information is growing, that is difficulties for the presentation, retrieval, learning and application of this information in the student’s professional activities. At the same time, employers need a graduate who has not only l the professional knowledge and communication skills and abilities, but also has a good command of ESP. For this purpose, it is necessary to identify and determine the key didactic principles for ESP content based on the online courses, because learning a foreign language at universities becomes impractical now. Teaching staff focus on forming and developing an integrative competence for graduating students based on complying with the requirements of acts and laws of the Ministry of education.
This research is focused on the system of evaluating students’ scientific and research work written in French for Russian and francophone experts at the Higher School of Economics International scientific conference for graduate and postgraduate students “La France et la Francophonie d’aujourd’hui” in the years 2017 and 2018. The authors analyze the current evaluation system of students’ scientific and research work, assess every criteria and scale. The authors hypothesized the necessity of renewing the evaluation system. Surveys among students and experts about the relevance of the current criteria and necessity of evaluating students’ scientific and research work were carried out to corroborate the hypothesis. Upon the research a renewed evaluation system was proposed, which will be approbated at the Higher School of Economics International scientific conference for graduate and postgraduate students “La France et la Francophonie d’aujourd’hui” 2020. The renewed system includes detailed comments for the experts and higher grades are given to the criteria of a hugher importance, e.g. structure and content, presentation skills, and language fluency and accuracy.
The article reconstructs theatrical work and stage art in the educational activities of the prewar school. Weakly reflected in modern scientific literature, these areas of school affairs have not been studied at all from the point of view of the formation of action schemes, skills that were fundamental for yesterday's schoolchildren in the space of war. The reconstruction of the school work of the pre-war time based on published and archival sources shows the great importance that was attached to the formation of students' skills of switching to different modes of perceiving the world, self-identification with other people's experience and life circumstances. It was this ability acquired in school years to enter different role models that actively helped young front-line soldiers to quickly master as junior and middle-level commanders and establish companionship with age-old colleagues who have completely different life baggage. And the roles in the plays of military content, played or seen in the school theater, became a kind of initiatory practice, which contributed to adaptation to the real military situation. The article reveals the methods of conducting lessons and extracurricular activities using theatrical and entertainment elements, which laid in students an emotional, tinted and unambiguously intolerant attitude towards all forms of social oppression and social injustice. These reactions, which became part of the “habitual memory” of students, determined the violent rejection of the enemy, with its goals of enslaving the peoples of the USSR, from the first days of the war. The article discusses models of heroic behavior in the war, which were formed with the help of the theater and reflected in the specific heroic achievements of recent schoolchildren.
The “teacher-student” relationship plays a particular role in the learning and therefore it has long been in the focus of the attention of many researchers and practitioners. The pattern of the “teacher-student” relationship varies from the individual characteristics of the participants in the process, one of whom is a teacher. One of the teacher characteristics is teacher expectations. The purpose of this paper is a review of the existing literature on the topic of teachers' expectations and finding the poorly investigated area in this topic. The results of the review show firstly that teachers form their expectations based on the student's academic achievements and behavior in school as well as their own beliefs. Secondly, teachers may translate their expectations to students through their behavior, and students can react to this behavior, so it can lead to the emergence of the phenomenon of “self-fulfilling” prophecy. Thus, teacher's expectations can either positively or negatively affect students' academic achievements. Finally, despite that teachers' expectations have been studied for a long time, there are still poorly studied areas, for instance, the study of the stability of teachers' expectations is one of the new areas of research.
The paper analyzes the environmental aspects of education on the background of socio-economic context of reality simulated in the textbooks.