The Role of Working Memory in Dual-Target Visual Search
Frontiers in Psychology. 2019. No. 10. P. 1-15.
Gorbunova E. S., Kozlov K., Le S. T., Makarov I.
, , et al., Frontiers in Psychology 2019 Vol. 10 P. 1-15
Visual search (VS) for multiple targets is especially error prone. One of these errors is called subsequent search misses (SSM) and represents a decrease in accuracy at detecting a second target after a first target has been found. One of the possible explanations of SSM errors is working memory (WM) resource depletion. Three experiments investigated ...
Added: August 20, 2019
, , / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2020. No. 119.
Subsequent search misses refer to the decrease in accuracy of second target detection in dual-target visual search. One of the theoretical explanations of SSM errors is similarity bias – the tendency to search for similar targets and to miss the dissimilar ones. The current study focuses on both perceptual and categorical similarity and their individual ...
Added: October 12, 2020
, Современная зарубежная психология 2020 Т. 9 № 2 С. 107-116
В статье описываются основные результаты современных зарубежных исследований с модификациями классических задач зрительного поиска, а также предлагается классификация таких модификаций. Суть зрительного поиска состоит в поиске целевых стимулов среди дистракторов, при этом стандартная задача предполагает поиск одного целевого стимула, который, как правило, является простым объектом. Модификации стандартной задачи могут включать в себя присутствие на экране ...
Added: July 6, 2020
, Acta Psychologica 2017 Vol. 173 P. 46-54
Visual search for multiple targets can cause errors called subsequent search misses (SSM) – a decrease in accuracy at detecting a second target after a first target has been found. One of the possible explanations of SSM errors is perceptual set. After the first target has been found, the subject becomes biased to find perceptually ...
Added: September 27, 2016
, , Вопросы психологии 2016 № 5 С. 126-134
The paper looks at the role of working memory in the effect of “misses in continued search”. The effect consists in missing thesecond target stimulus after a successful detection of the first in a visual search task. One of the theories links the effect to the fact that the detected first stimulus exhausts the resource ...
Added: September 27, 2016
, Экспериментальная психология 2017 Т. 10 № 1 С. 38-52
The article investigated the role of spatial working memory in visual search for multiple targets, in particular, in subsequent search misses effect. This phenomenon is the second target omission after the first target has been found in visual search task. One of the theoretical interpretations of subsequent search misses is the lack of resources (attention ...
Added: January 26, 2017
, , Acta Psychologica 2021 Vol. 219 Article 103375
Subsequent search misses (SSM) refer to the decrease in accuracy of second target detection in dual-target visual search. One of the theoretical explanations of SSM errors is similarity bias – the tendency to search for similar targets and to miss the dissimilar ones. The current study focuses on both perceptual and categorical similarity and their ...
Added: August 8, 2021
, , Psychology in Russia: State of the Art 2022 Vol. 15 No. 4 P. 140-158
Background. Incidental findings are items of visual search that are potentially of significance, but were not the main object of the initial search. They have been previously widely discussed in the field of radiology. However, the underlying perceptual mechanisms of such phenomenon are still unclear. Objective. The current study aims to examine incidental findings in different ...
Added: January 25, 2023
, , Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics 2022 Vol. 19 No. 4 P. 725-735
Incidental findings defined as valuable findings that are not searched purposely by the experts were originally discovered by radiologists. Despite the importance and great practical value of this phenomenon for visual search, it was almost not studied by cognitive psychologists and vision science experts. The current study aimed to examine experimentally incidental findings in visual ...
Added: December 15, 2022
, Journal of Vision 2016 Vol. 16 No. 12 P. 39-39
The visual search for multiple targets can cause errors called subsequent search misses (SSM) – a decrease in accuracy at detecting a second target after a first target has been found (e.g. Adamo, Cain, & Mitroff, 2013). One of the possible explanations is perceptual set. After the first target is found, the subject becomes biased ...
Added: September 15, 2016
, , , Journal of Vision 2020 Vol. 20 No. 8 P. 1-22
Knowledge of target features can guide attention in many conjunction searches in a top-down manner. For example, in search of a red vertical line among blue vertical and red horizontal lines, observers can guide attention toward all red items and all vertical items. In typical conjunction searches, distractors often form perceptually vivid, categorical groups of ...
Added: September 7, 2020
Lexical ambiguity resolution as a function of working memory: eye-tracking data from agrammatic and healthy individuals
, , et al., Steam-, Spreak- en Taalpathologie 2012 Vol. 17 No. 2 P. 100-102
Linguistic problems of individuals with agrammatic aphasia are not solely restricted to the grammatical domain: a considerable delay in lexical processing was also found in this clinical population (Prather et al., 1997). It was suggested that language processing abilities of aphasic individuals is predictable from their working memory (WM) capacities (Caspari et al., 1998; Friedmann ...
Added: November 19, 2013
, , Journal of Vision 2019 Vol. 19 No. 10 P. 105b-105b
It has been shown that multiple objects can be efficiently represented as ensemble summary statistics, such as the average. Recently, Kanaya et al. (2018) demonstrated the amplification effect in the perception of average. Their participants judged the mean size or temporal frequency of ensembles, and they tended to exaggerate their estimates, especially larger set sizes. ...
Added: January 27, 2020
Two Distinct Auditory-Motor Circuits for Monitoring Speech Production as Revealed by Content-Specific Suppression of Auditory Cortex
, , et al., Cerebral Cortex 2014 Vol. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bht351 P. 1-11
Speech production, both overt and covert, down-regulates the activation of auditory cortex. This is thought to be due to forward prediction of the sensory consequences of speech, contributing to a feedback control mechanism for speech production. Critically, however, these regulatory effects should be specific to speech content to enable accurate speech monitoring. To determine the ...
Added: October 23, 2014
, , Acta Psychologica 2018 Vol. 183 P. 108-115
A key assumption in the literature on visual attention is that templates, actively maintained in visual working memory (VWM), guide visual attention. An important question therefore involves the nature and capacity of VWM. According to load theories, more than one search template can be active at the same time and capacity is determined by the ...
Added: June 23, 2020
, , Visual Cognition 2019 Vol. 27 No. 5-8 P. 595-608
It is commonly assumed that we find targets faster if we know what they look like. Such top-down guidance plays an important role in theories of visual attention. A recent provocative proposal is that effects attributed to top-down guidance instead reflect attentional priming. Theeuwes and van der Burg [(2011). On the limits of top-down control ...
Added: June 24, 2020
, , Frontiers in Psychology 2020 Vol. 11 P. 1-14
Three experiments investigated the role of target-target perceptual similarity within the attentional blink (AB). Various geometric shapes were presented in a rapid serial visual presentation task. Targets could have 2, 1 or 0 shared features. Features included shape and size. The second target was presented after five or six different lags after the first target. ...
Added: November 30, 2020
, , et al., Cognition 2020 Vol. 194 P. 1-13
Visual search tasks play a key role in theories of visual attention. But single-target search tasks may provide only a snapshot of attentional orienting. Foraging tasks with multiple targets of different types arguably provide a closer analogy to everyday attentional processing. Set-size effects have in the literature formed the basis for inferring how attention operates ...
Added: June 24, 2020
, , et al., / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2017.
Added: November 1, 2018
Visual Foraging Tasks Provide New Insights into the Orienting of Visual Attention: Methodological Considerations
, , , Neuromethods 2019 Vol. 151 P. 3-21
The topic of visual attention has played an increasingly large role in visual perception research in the past half-century or so. This highlights the need for paradigms that allow a thorough understanding of the function of visual attention and that the experimental tasks that are used are varied and dynamic enough to sample the operational ...
Added: June 23, 2020
, Вестник Ярославского государственного университета им. П.Г. Демидова. Серия Гуманитарные науки 2014 № 2 С. 101-106
The article covers the main findings on the left-right visual field asymmetry in various tasks (simple stimulus detection, visual search, multiple object tracking, masked presentation, crowding, etc.). The problem of lexical information processing in the right and left visual hemifields and also the issue of brain mechanisms of lexical information processing are raised. The author ...
Added: April 28, 2015
, , , Российский журнал когнитивной науки 2016 Т. 3 № 3 С. 58-76
This article reviews the research in visual working memory (VWM) over the past 20 years. We describe research methodologies in the field and focus on commonly used paradigms such as change detection and continuous report (including the use of mixed models for analysis) that aim to measure the capacity and precision of VWM. We also ...
Added: October 16, 2016
Dataset of human medial temporal lobe neurons, scalp and intracranial EEG during a verbal working memory task
, , et al., Scientific data 2020 Vol. 7 No. 1 P. 1-7
We present an electrophysiological dataset recorded from nine subjects during a verbal working memory task. Subjects were epilepsy patients undergoing intracranial monitoring for the localization of epileptic seizures. Subjects performed a modified Sternberg task in which the encoding of memory items, maintenance, and recall were temporally separated. The dataset includes simultaneously recorded scalp EEG with ...
Added: May 18, 2020
, , Advances in Cognitive Psychology 2019 No. 2 P. 75-88
The current study investigated the relationships between attention, word processing, and visual field asymmetries. There is a discussion on whether each brain hemisphere possesses its own attentional resources and on how attention allocation depends on hemispheric lateralization of functions. We used stimuli with lateralized processing in an attentional task presented across the two visual hemifields. ...
Added: May 29, 2019