Soviet Signoras: Personal and Collective Transformations in Eastern European Migration, Martina Cvajner, University of Chicago Press, Chicago (2019), p. 265, $30.00 paperback, ISBN: 978-0-226-66239-8
On the need to change the stereotypes embodied in school history textbooks. Write the history of gender symmetry.
Pain processing is associated with neural activity in a number of wide-spread brain regions. Here, we investigated whether functional connectivity at rest between these brain regions is associated with individual and sex-related differences in thermal pain and relief responsiveness. Twenty healthy volunteers (ten females) were scanned with functional magnetic resonance imaging in resting condition. Half an hour after scanning, we administered thermal pain on the back of their right hand, and collected pain and relief ratings in two separate runs of twelve stimulations each. Across the whole group, mean pain ratings were associated with decreased connectivity at rest between brain regions belonging to the default mode and the visual resting-state network. In men, pain measures correlated with increased connectivity within the visual resting-state network. In women instead, decreased connectivity between this network and parietal and prefrontal brain regions implicated in affective cognitive control were associated with both pain and relief ratings. Our findings indicate that the well documented individual variability and sex-differences in pain sensitivity may be explained, at least in part, by network dynamics at rest in these brain regions.
The paper is focused on drinking behavior of adolescents in vocational schools. We analyse relationship between drinking behavior and previous depression among 17-18 years old adolescents. Longitudinal data includes 310 students from 4 vocational schools in St. Petersburg. The results demonstrate that drinking behavior relates to increased depression during one study year.
This paper investigates effects of class, gender and ethnic statuses on educational achievements and aspirations of the students of Saint Petersburg schools. We discover strong gender and class inequalities in contrast to absence of any ethnic differences. Descriptive and regression analyses are used as analytical method. We claim the necessity to take into account all three structural dimensions of inequality when developing social policies in education.
Edition includes materials of the international scientific conference RAIZHI ( Russian Studies Association women's history ) , the venue of which was elected in 2010 Cherepovets State University (Cherepovets, Vologda region). Proceedings of the conference gives an insight into the ways of development and formation of the actual scientific field - women's and gender studies in the sciences of the past, the complexities and contradictions that arise in the framework of the scientific community , as well as women's social experiences and identities of women in traditional and contemporary contexts of the policy problem legal status of women , the family and marriage in the history and culture of the peoples of Eurasia , the tender as a category of political and educational discourse , including the discourse practices of its construction , the history of women's movement .