Эволюция короткометражной анимации студии Pixar
The article is devoted to the analysis of a number of short animated films by Pixar.
This study reveals dramaturgic canons that have remained unchanged for decades,
as well as the main trends in the development of modern animation dramaturgy. The
author explores how topics, characters, types of conflict and plot structure have
transformed over a long time. Particular attention is paid to how the classic “hero's
journey” is transformed in the context of modern short-film dramaturgy and studio
experiments with mainstream and indie projects. The author also touches on the
topic of the penetration of various world cultures into the Pixar animation, analyzes
the consequences of this process. The article also considers the changes that have
occurred in animation as screen art: in particular, the evolution of such an important
component of short animation as a visual attraction. At the junction of different
perspectives of the study it becomes clear how the company manages to maintain
balance between clear rules and new experiments, between stability and risk, while
still remaining the leader in this niche.