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Article

ВЛАСТЬ В МОНОГОРОДЕ: ВЕКТОРЫ ПЕРЕМЕН

Чирикова А. Е., Ледяев В. Г.

This article presents the outcomes of empirical research in the mono-industrial town in the Perm region. This
research is a part of the empirical survey conducted in five Russian towns in the Perm, Ivanovo, and Tambov
regions in 2011–2015 and 2018–2019 through in-depth interviews with local politicians, public officials,
entrepreneurs, and local and regional experts. The purpose of the study was to identify and evaluate changes
that occurred in the power relations in a mono-industrial town between the two stages of the research.
The outcomes of the study show that the power hierarchy and the relations within it over the past 8 years
have changed significantly, yet many of the essential characteristics of urban politics have been preserved
and reproduced. The role of the town-forming enterprise in the political process decreased along with a decrease
in the economic potential of the plant and the refusal of the enterprise owners to be actively involved
in urban politics. After the town and district structures of the municipal government merger, serious tensions
within the local elite disappeared, resulting in the formation of a new configuration of actors. Whereas earlier
there were three approximately equal centers of power (leadership of the town, district, and town-forming
enterprise), now there is no serious political competition in the community, while the local elite constitutes a
single team. The new configuration of the top actors and the nature of the relationships between them do not
allow explain them in terms of urban regime in its classical interpretation.