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Article

«В центре всего должен быть вопрос этики…» Интервью с Теодором Шаниным

Социологическое обозрение. 2020. Т. 19. № 1. С. 345-362.
Никулин А. М., Шанин Т., Пугачева М. Г.

We publish an interview of Alexander Nikulin, Head of the Center for Agrarian Studies, with Teodor Shanin, President of the Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences, who was awarded the Order of the British Empire. The interview focuses on the key issues of personal self-determination in the history of the 20th century. The interview was to focus on the work of the historian Mikhail Gefter ‘Apology of the weak man’ which the online journal Gefter wanted to publish. However, the conversation went far beyond the discussion of this work. Shanin shared his memories of how he began to study the Russian peasantry and ideas of Nikolai Bukharin and Alexander Chayanov, of his meetings with Moshe Levin, the head of the Rote Kapelle (Red Chapel) with alias Domb and many others. Shanin expressed his attitude to Stalin and Stalinism, the XX Congress of the CPSU and denunciation of the personality cult. His arguments about strength and weakness, cowardice and self-control reveal his ethical position as a historian and an active participant of the 20th century events both in the world and Russia.