Современные подходы Франции к разрешению территориальных споров
The article explores France's territorial disputes in Europe and beyond (in French overseas territories), as well as disputes settlement approaches adopted by Paris. The author outlines the historical background of the disputes and the motives that guide France in allocating significant funds for the maintenance of high-cost overseas territories, some of them are disputed by regional countries. In Europe France relies on both bilateral mechanisms and EU instruments to resolve disputes. The French territorial disagreements with other countries remain more acute in the overseas lands of France than in Europe. Paris promotes a method of gradual settlement based on the idea that the joint development of disputed areas allows to mitigate contradictions and to create conditions for a long-term territorial settlement. The French overseas Department of Mayotte is a special territorial case: the Union of the Comoros claims for this territory are supported by the UN. The French rationale for retaining Mayotte as part of France despite the UN decision is based on the results of several referendums, when the island's residents voted for this idea.
L'objet de cet article est l`analyse comparative des problèmes de la réglementation juridique de l`activité médicale (incluant la médecine traditionnelle) et la responsabilité pénale pour l'exercice illégal de la médecine et pour les autres infractions en France et en Russie.
The article deals with the interaction of economic and political drivers making China’s maritime activity more and more intense. Basic trends of development in the key spheres of marine economy (i.e., sea ports, transport, shipbuilding, fishing and aquaculture, оffshore oil and gas extraction) are studied in depth. The author argues that the internal disbalances in China’s marine economy lead to its expansion abroad. The dynamics of maritime territorial disputes in the China’s nearest seas is analyzed in details. The article also shows that the maritime sphere has become one of the hot spots in the emerging Sino – US clash of rival interests.
The Generations and Gender Surveys (GGS) conducted in both France (2005) and Russia (2004) have been analyzed from the perspective of the children in separated families. As a comparison of the family situations of children of various ages shows, the frequency of single-parent families is higher in Russia where these children are more likely to live in multi-generation households. The probability is increasing in both countries that the children born to couples living together (whether married or not) – and especially the children born during the 1980s in Russia – will, before they come of age, see their parents separate. In both countries, the parents of the children most exposed to the risk of separation share some characteristics: their mother formed a couple at a young age, her partner has at least one other child or is older, or she did not spend her whole childhood with both her parents. In France, unlike in Russia, officially marrying and practicing religion (even seldom) are factors that significantly lower the risk of parents separating.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.