stability and security level on the Balkans has always been a permanent mark of whole international relations conditions. Today this outwardly calm region again fraught with danger. Kosovo question was solved rather strategically short-sighted. Complexity of Bosnia and Herzegovina statehood as well as other national problems provoke new potential conflicts. Modern international relations crisis resulted into the deep disagreements around the Ukrainian case, also may widespread on the Balkan region. Here, as before, there are interests of all strong world players. Cooperation or confrontation among them will strongly influence the future of Balkans.
The article examines the causes of the aggravation of the problems of cross-border migration, as well as the impact of migration flows on the competitiveness of host countries and their positions in the changing environment of the world economy. The contradiction that needs to be studied is that, in many respects, contrary to popular theoretical views, the leading countries in international rankings, which show high rates in various areas of development, tend to have the highest proportion of foreign migrants in their population. The author pays special attention to the problems of European migration in 2015-19, the experience of Germany, as well as the key aspect of discussions, practical solutions and assessment of prospects taking into account the Russian challenges in the field of migration.
ThThe article focuses on the positions of Britain and the EU in the process of a post-Brexit trade agreement. The key disagreements between the parties that almost led to the failure of the deal are described. The final agreement reached on December 24, 2020 ‒ a week before the end of the transition period ‒ is analyzed. The agreement formally allowed London and Brussels to declare the achievement of their main goals. At the same time, the agreement did not solve all the problems between the parties. The efforts of the United Kingdom to conclude trade agreements with the United States and some other partners after Brexit are also considered. London's initial reliance on President Donald Trump's promises to conclude the most favorable agreement after Brexit did not materialize, and serious disagreements arose between the parties that could not be resolved quickly. The economic benefits of Brexit are not obvious in the near future.