stability and security level on the Balkans has always been a permanent mark of whole international relations conditions. Today this outwardly calm region again fraught with danger. Kosovo question was solved rather strategically short-sighted. Complexity of Bosnia and Herzegovina statehood as well as other national problems provoke new potential conflicts. Modern international relations crisis resulted into the deep disagreements around the Ukrainian case, also may widespread on the Balkan region. Here, as before, there are interests of all strong world players. Cooperation or confrontation among them will strongly influence the future of Balkans.
Since the moment of its consolidation and for a century after Italy has been one of the major sources of world emigration. However, shifts of demographic, migrational and economical development resulted in state's mass attraction of immigrants. Present article describes and analyses principal stages of immigration from Italy, Italians' resettlement directions over states and continents, as well as shift from emigration to immigration.