Стратегии (не)сопротивления в нарративах о трудностях: становление “подчиненного субъекта”
Objective. Identify strategies a formation of “subordinate subject” and analyzes the strategies of obedience and resistance in self-narrative about encountering difficulties in childhood and adulthood.
Background. Obedience refers to classical problems in social psychology (experiments by S. Asha, S. Milgram, F. Zimbardo, S. Moskovichi, etc.). Forms of obedience are suggestibility, conformity, pliability, submission to authority; these forms are manifested in submission to internal imperatives; to authority persons; to small group; as well as situations. Along with conformity as a personal characteristic researchers study obedience based on the adoption of the role and regulation of role behavior. Role basis of subordination allows us to consider obedience as a condition for socialization. Resistance in psychological research is less common, which is associated with cultural standards and cultural priorities that influence the formation of research areas.
Results. According to the results of the study, young people under 30 years have different interpretations than older interviewees, but differences are of an age rather than generational nature.
Conclusions. The results of the study allow us to suggest that strategies of resistance were form at the childhood while overcoming internal issues and conflicts with peers. In adulthood, the strategy of subordination are stereotyped (stories about obedience to parents), stable scenarios resistance were construct in area to social challenge.
The article reviews the researches about decision making in small groups and group dynamics in virtual groups (VG). We describe a number of phenomena that distinguish problem solving in VG and in the real groups (RG). We present the results of empirical studies of the problem solving in the VG, formed from students of the Faculty of Psychology at Moscow State University.
The article considers the resistance value of the parties in negotiations and mediation, are the main reasons for resistance. And offer methods of work with resistance aimed at the effective conclusion of the negotiations.
We often change our behavior to conform to real or imagined group pressure. Social influence on our behavior has been extensively studied in social psychology, but its neural mechanisms have remained largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that the transient downregulation of the posterior medial frontal cortex by theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces conformity, as indicated by reduced conformal adjustments in line with group opinion. Both the extent and probability of conformal behavioral adjustments decreased significantly relative to a sham and a control stimulation over another brain area. The posterior part of the medial frontal cortex has previously been implicated in behavioral and attitudinal adjustments. Here, we provide the first interventional evidence of its critical role in social influence on human behavior.
The article presents an attempt to operationalize the concept ‘pleasure’, used by P.Sorokin, under the context of case study. The case deals with transformation of physical and social space of Adler city during the process of Olympic sites Sochi-2014 development. To achieve this aim the author uses recent western approaches. Basing on them she studies modes of resistance to translated (by different channels) dominant meanings of social events and emphasizes the experienced ‘pleasure-of-resistance’. The author particularizes some versions of such resistance in everyday practices: resistance to changes, appropriation of meaning. The article demonstrates, how discussed concepts may be used to analyze texts of interviews and visual (photo) data.
We often change our decisions and judgments to conform with normative group behavior. However, the neural mechanisms of social conformity remain unclear. Here we show, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, that conformity is based on mechanisms that comply with principles of reinforcement learning. We found that individual judgments of facial attractiveness are adjusted in line with group opinion. Conflict with group opinion triggered a neuronal response in the rostral cingulate zone and the ventral striatum similar to the "prediction error" signal suggested by neuroscientific models of reinforcement learning. The amplitude of the conflict-related signal predicted subsequent conforming behavioral adjustments. Furthermore, the individual amplitude of the conflict-related signal in the ventral striatum correlated with differences in conforming behavior across subjects. These findings provide evidence that social group norms evoke conformity via learning mechanisms reflected in the activity of the rostral cingulate zone and ventral striatum.
The volume includes scholarly articles and primary documents on the war on the Eastern Front of World War II. Particular attention is paid to everyday life under the Nazi occupation and experiences of ordinary people under different regimes.
In this article. the author tries to argue about how you can consider Soviet culture monolithic and not suggesting for the artist and the intellectual for any deviations from the official line.
It would seem that the totalitarian regime creates all the condition for eliminating the independent search for the individual style, nevertheless, in the depths of a totalitarian culture, resistance practice may appear.
The author gives a number of examples of such resistance in Soviet culture.
The political process is a constant interaction between the power and opposition. The political process is a constant clash between the formal and informal, between direct speech and metaphors. Power always makes sense only if there is resistance. The power resistance is balanced in favor of its dialectical opposition. Practice protests are taking place at all political regimes, but not always the possibility of resistance are similar. In some political systems interlocutor on government and realization of the right to revolt are an essential political and moral principle. In other cases, in dictatorships, the right to revolt conquered by a hard struggle, not always being efficient and not always getting massive. The author shows how, depending on the cultural traditions of the images may vary resistance. Indeed, the figure of the rebellious person differently perceived in the political landscape. The discourse of resistance can be filled by individual practitioners of dissent, as well as robust tradition of protest. Relations between the power and rebellious man shows and interpreted by the author in a variety of subjects belonging to different cultures. From the point of view of the author, in the practices of rebellious man in his quest for freedom and demonstrate their own position, you can find both special and general, is equally emphasizes the integrity of the political process.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.