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Regular version of the site

Article

Московское народное ополчение: причины и особенности создания

Российская история. 2020. № 3. С. 3-20.

The article analyzes the reasons and peculiarities of the formation of the Moscow People’s Militia during the Great Patriotic War. The author argues that the decision to create People’s Militia was a spontaneous one. The immediate impetus for this came with the fall of Minsk on June 28, 1941, and the realization of the scale of the catastrophe of the Soviet Western Front. Another motive was the desire to create reliable military formations, formed mainly from politically proven and morally reliable workers and white collars. However, in the conditions of modern warfare, the formations of the Red Guard type soon showed their inefficiency and in September 1941 were included in the regular Red Army.