Yu.A. Petrov – the scientist with a world name and big scientific authority, the author more than 200 articles and monographs. He directed several very significant scientific projects, acted as the editor-in-chief and the organizer of preparation of a number of encyclopedias, collective monographs and collections of articles. Through all creativity of Yu.A. Petrov there passed the "financial" subject, history of the "Moscow" banks of the second half of the 19th century Besides, under its edition and with its participation monumental works on history of the State bank of Russia were published. An important subject of works of Petrov – history of the Russian businessmen. He pays much attention in the creativity to relationship of businessmen and the authoriry.
The author synthesizes the data indicating large (numerous) corps of professional warriors in service of the rulers of Rus' in the 10-11th centuries. Following the Czech mediaevalist František Graus the author designates the institution as the “large retinue” (Czech velkodružina, German “Staatsgefolge”). The rulers maintained these corps mainly by payments in cash extracting money as a tribute from subjugated people. In Rus' the corps were called by the words otroki and grid'. They numbered up to several thousands soldiers. The model of the “large retinue” calls for a re-examination of the concept of družina which is very popular in the Russian historiography. The concept should be treated in a more subtle and differentiated way.
In article on the basis of a wide range of sources, the reconstruction of the status of the state budget of the Moscow tsardom at the end of the reign of Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov. The author analyzes the main sources of replenishment of the state Treasury. Financial records of Central government departments suggests that during this period the annual flow of money into the Treasury did not exceed 1 million rubles. This amount is enough to supply the basic needs of the state, but it was not enough in terms of wars or tensions in international relations.
The supply crisis in the USSR and Russia in the late 1980s and early 1990s was the result of the Soviet planned economy’s development as a whole and the failure of M.S. Gorbachev's economic reforms in particular. For several years before the liberalization of prices in January 1992, the Soviet population had various options for grappling with supply deficits. People could turn to the rationing system and count on repression of speculators. At the same time, there were limited economic reforms toward a market economy. The failure of both government controls and reform had a huge impact on popular attitudes about the economy. The discrediting of the planned economy among Soviet people was an important factor in the transition to a market system. This article, based on published and archival materials, asks several questions about how these attitudes formed. How did the supply crisis emerge and in what areas? How did authorities and the population react to supply deficits? How did supply problems contribute to the transition of Russia to a market economy? And how did Russian people respond to the liberalization of prices in early 1992?