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Regular version of the site

Article

Самоорганизация жителей в сельских поселениях – взгляд сквозь розовые очки

For more than 30 years, Russia has been developing “territorial public self-government” – the

process of self-organization of citizens at the local level (TOS in Russian). The article considers the

development of TOS as a tool for involvement and participation of citizens in local self-government

(LSG). In Russia at the beginning of 2020, there were more than 33 thousand TOS, half of them in

rural areas. It is a slow transformation of TOS activities (from the distribution of humanitarian aid in the

1990s) before participating in National projects after 2018), as well as changing attitudes towards TOS

(from lack of recognition and support – to cooperation and allocation of serious funds, up to presidential

grants). On the basis of long-term included observation, positive social practices that are implemented in

rural settlements, features of the daily activities of rural TOS, features of rural life, including the nature

of development and individual consumption of municipal resources, environmental problems and the

seizure of agricultural land and pastures are described. Rural TOS are forced to do more practical things,

their projects are more labor-intensive, and the contribution of the residents themselves is more tangible

and visible (engineering infrastructure, roads and sidewalks, gasification, electricity and street lighting,

garbage collection, and other cultural and leisure projects): a different scale than in the city, but much

greater diversity, involvement and initiative of the residents themselves. The positive experience of the

TOS of Kameshkovsky rural settlement of the Vladimir region and Novopavlovsky rural settlement of

the Krasnodar territory is considered. Numerous social practices are described, as well as the problems

encountered in connection with the emergence of municipal districts.