Spatial data and technologies for geomonitoring of land use under aspect of mineral resource sector development
The main efforts of modern geoecology focus on various aspects of monitoring the state of the natural environment within the sphere of anthropogenic impacts on raw materials complexes and on determining the irreversible level of adverse impacts and consequences of natural disasters in the absence of effective tools and systems for early forecasting and detection of hazards and environmental risks (erosion, oil spills, oil and gas leaks and contamination of surface and groundwater, landslides, collapses, subsidence, mining, fire, among others). As a result, even with the highest methodological and technical level of modern research, there remains trivial conclusion on the need to protect nature. This leaves open the main question of effective methods of nature protection and the necessary changes in technologies and methods of data management. The improvement of the methodological basis for the design of mining systems to achieve integrated development of subsoil is aimed at advancing the innovative energy and resource-saving geotechnologies, which ensure the required efficiency and safety of work, including early detection of potential hazards and risks. In this study, an integrated approach to the processing of remotely sensed data is being developed, which is envisaged to share the results of the measurements obtained in Russia and Kenya by various satellite-based technologies in both optical and radar bands.
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests ofmodern technologies, including Big Data,Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0,Industrial Internetof Things,Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors showthat in case of development and adoption ofthe Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having asignificance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data,content data.
Within the monsoon period (May-September) there is enough water (1800-2250 mm). Distribution of water for irrigation is realized in accordance with the customary law norms. An irrigation channel can be the property of one family, the property of several families with the land plots located closely or discretely. The village community members take part in the works for construction, support and reconstruction of the irrigation system. When water comes to the plots, women can catch small fish there to be quickly cooked or dried and stored.
This article provides an overview of international experience of the implementation of GIS in the census in the logic of its main stages, as well as recommendations for the gradual implementation of GIS in the next censuses in Russia. Approaches towards creation of spatial address databases in the preparatory phase, the use of tablet computers and positioning systems during the census and cartographic visualization of results of the census at the stage of distribution are presented. The questions of confidentiality of census date are discussed.
This study focuses on the practice of using digital interactive materials by history teachers in grade 5. Despite the fact that digital technologies penetrate the modern child's outward things from the first years of life, their integration into schooling is still accompanied by difficulties for teachers. The existing studies indicate restrictions on access to quality equipment and software, which impede the effective interaction of teachers and students with digital materials in the lesson. In this regard, the urgent task is to analyze approaches to the lesson organization and identify problems encountered by teachers who use digital interactive materials in the lessons. The study is carried out in a qualitative paradigm. The empirical evidence was obtained using the method of semi-formalized interviews and observations. A total of 6 observations and 6 interviews were collected with history teachers in middle school who applied the digital module in the lesson with students in grades 5. The digital module that was used in history lessons was developed by the Sberbank Gamification Laboratory. The module is dedicated to Ancient Greece, the data was collected in the middle of the school year (December 2019-February 2020) directly during the study of this topic as part of a school history curriculum. As part of the observation, we focused on the interaction of the teacher, students and the digital module in the lesson. It was found that even using digital materials, many teachers prefer the front-end method of organizing the lesson, and therefore students are not able to study the material independently at their own pace. Nevertheless, regardless of the form of organization of work in the lesson, the interaction with the module caused increased interest among students and was positively evaluated by teachers. Interviews show that teachers note the convenience and willingness to work with such materials, even in spite of the considerable time spent in preparing and planning the lesson. In general, teachers were interested in the innovation, emphasized the interdisciplinary nature of the materials and were ready to recommend the module to their colleagues, including teachers of other school subjects. In prospect, we will identify the teacher’s strategies for working with digital interactive materials in the lesson and give recommendations for improving the module and simplifying interaction with it.
The collection contains articles that were published as a result of the work of the 7th International Scientific Interdisciplinary Conference on Research and Methodology Institute of Foreign Languages (RUDN University). The main goal of the conference - to reveal the diversity of functional aspects of intercultural communication within the process of world education integration, to focus on translation and interpreting issues in the conditions of the modern society.
In this article the author examines the environmental effects of post-industrialization. The author analyzes the mutuality ecologization and trans-formation of the territorial structure of the world economy. And he gives special attention to the prospects of forming ecolobby in Russia. In conclusion, he speaks about the impact of post-industrial stage of economic development on the global environmental situation.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.