Spatial data and technologies for geomonitoring of land use under aspect of mineral resource sector development
The main efforts of modern geoecology focus on various aspects of monitoring the state of the natural environment within the sphere of anthropogenic impacts on raw materials complexes and on determining the irreversible level of adverse impacts and consequences of natural disasters in the absence of effective tools and systems for early forecasting and detection of hazards and environmental risks (erosion, oil spills, oil and gas leaks and contamination of surface and groundwater, landslides, collapses, subsidence, mining, fire, among others). As a result, even with the highest methodological and technical level of modern research, there remains trivial conclusion on the need to protect nature. This leaves open the main question of effective methods of nature protection and the necessary changes in technologies and methods of data management. The improvement of the methodological basis for the design of mining systems to achieve integrated development of subsoil is aimed at advancing the innovative energy and resource-saving geotechnologies, which ensure the required efficiency and safety of work, including early detection of potential hazards and risks. In this study, an integrated approach to the processing of remotely sensed data is being developed, which is envisaged to share the results of the measurements obtained in Russia and Kenya by various satellite-based technologies in both optical and radar bands.
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests ofmodern technologies, including Big Data,Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0,Industrial Internetof Things,Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors showthat in case of development and adoption ofthe Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having asignificance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data,content data.
Within the monsoon period (May-September) there is enough water (1800-2250 mm). Distribution of water for irrigation is realized in accordance with the customary law norms. An irrigation channel can be the property of one family, the property of several families with the land plots located closely or discretely. The village community members take part in the works for construction, support and reconstruction of the irrigation system. When water comes to the plots, women can catch small fish there to be quickly cooked or dried and stored.
This article provides an overview of international experience of the implementation of GIS in the census in the logic of its main stages, as well as recommendations for the gradual implementation of GIS in the next censuses in Russia. Approaches towards creation of spatial address databases in the preparatory phase, the use of tablet computers and positioning systems during the census and cartographic visualization of results of the census at the stage of distribution are presented. The questions of confidentiality of census date are discussed.
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests of modern technologies, including Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0, Industrial Internet of Things, Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors show that in case of development and adoption of the Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having a significance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data, content data.
The collection contains articles that were published as a result of the work of the 7th International Scientific Interdisciplinary Conference on Research and Methodology Institute of Foreign Languages (RUDN University). The main goal of the conference - to reveal the diversity of functional aspects of intercultural communication within the process of world education integration, to focus on translation and interpreting issues in the conditions of the modern society.
In this article the author examines the environmental effects of post-industrialization. The author analyzes the mutuality ecologization and trans-formation of the territorial structure of the world economy. And he gives special attention to the prospects of forming ecolobby in Russia. In conclusion, he speaks about the impact of post-industrial stage of economic development on the global environmental situation.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.