В.Н. Порус. От «логики смысла» ‒ к судьбам России (Размышление над книгой А.В. Смирнова «Всечеловеческое vs. общечеловеческое») // Вопросы философии, 2020, № 6. С. 201-213.
=The plot of the book is formed by two problem knots. The first of them is
weaved out of questions of the logical bases of various civilizations and opportu-
nities of rational contact dialogue between them. Discussion of these questions
leads to a conclusion that rational mutual understanding between civilizations is
possible irrespective of the fact which logics prevail in each of them. Rationality
does not reduce to logical rules as well as the reason is not exhausted by logic.
It includes a reflection over the ontological assumptions which are the corner-
stone of language, creative imagination, the principles of practice. Also reflec-
tions over worldview intuitions are within its competence. Modern rationalism
breaks off with apriority of criteria of rationality, but recognizes a variety of fun-
damental forms of rationality. The future of mankind in many respects depends
on whether it will manage to keep this variety, without reconciling with in-
evitability of the clash of civilizations. The second knot – some questions of the
special Russian civilization possessing own logic of “vsechelovecheskoye”, dis-
tinguishing it from the “western” civilization which applies for the “obshche-
chelovecheskoye” in nature of the principles. The author of the book tries to an-
swer these questions, developing the ideas of N.Y. Danilevsky and Russian
“Eurasians”. However it is impossible to tell that he manages to resolve the con-
tradictions internally inherent in these ideas. More likely, its developments can
serve as an incentive for further judgment of historical ways of Russia. There is
also open a question of communication of the mentioned problem knots: how
from discussion of epistemological problems to pass to the analysis of the princi-
ples which lie in the basis of regional and world civilizations?