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  • В поисках справедливости в университете: критика и оправдание практик академического мошенничества студентами

Article

В поисках справедливости в университете: критика и оправдание практик академического мошенничества студентами

Most universities all over the world face the problem of the widespread use of cheating practices by students. Despite the considerable efforts of researchers and practitioners to identify the reasons and circumstances that contribute to students` academic dishonesty, as well as to develop methods to combat their dishonest behaviour, the situation has not improved. Therefore, in this article, we attempt to answer the question of why the existing methods for combating academic dishonesty show low efficiency. Moreover, we pay attention to the fact of how students perceive dishonest practices, in which cases they justify and consider them fair, and in which cases they criticize them. Six regimes of criticism and justification, in which students publicly express their attitude towards academic fraud, were identified based on the Sociology of Critical Capacity by L.Boltanski and L.Thevenot. This theory was applied to the analysis of 23 semi-structured interviews with Russian and British students. Moreover, there were proposed possible methods for academic fraud prevention, which also consider the principles of equivalence used by students in their criticism or justification of dishonest practices.