Радикализация и неравенство в нарративах второго городского поколения мусульманской северокавказской молодежи
One of the key themes in the theoretical debate about the causes of radicalization is its relationship to inequality. Researchers consider the connection of radicalization both with objective inequality, which refers to structural restrictions in the access of certain social groups to economic, political and cultural resources, and subjective inequality, that is, the unfair distribution of these resources in the perception of community members.
Based on 21 semi-structured in-depth interviews with young people from the North Caucasus, the article explores the meanings attributed to Islamist radicalization and the relationship of radicalization to various dimensions and understandings of inequality. The authors conclude that religious radicalization within the North Caucasus region is linked in narratives to perceived injustice and is seen by informants as a cumulative response to the oppression of religious youth as a result of counter-terrorism measures. The radicalization of North Caucasian youth with experience of migration outside the region is linked to horizontal inequalities and is interpreted as a reaction to a situation of double exclusion - on the part of a society where social elevators are blocked by ethnic and religious xenophobia, and on the part of a parent family that seeks to control its younger members and imposes its own notions of self-realization and career.