Чайлдфри или добровольно бездетные? К переопределению концептуального поля исследований не-родительства в России
The essay is an attempt to distinguish between the semantic notion of “childfree” and that of “voluntary childlessness” taking into account the Russian specifics. The author consistently describes socio-political content of the Russian research field emphasizing the conservative pro-natal trends of the recent years. The paper considers the origins of the conceptual field of non-parenthood and the evolution of the related research area. For the first time in the Russian-language scientific literature, the National Organization of Non-Parents, a key actor in childfree activism, is described in detail. In addition, based on the data of a study conducted in 2014-2016, the author examines the childfree category internalized in the Russian-language discourse (“chayldfri”) and the notion of “dobrovolnaya bezdetnost” (voluntary childlessness). The author also outlines the semantic points framing these notions and leveling off the tendency to equate these notions in the everyday and scientific discourses. By criticizing the use of the childfree notion in the Russian-language practice, the author proposes to apply the notion of voluntary childlessness as the latter one is wider, more fundamental and less complex semantically. The article also explores the widely used notion of “childhate” and the phenomenon of regretting parenthood. The author offers a heuristically valuable alternative to each of them. In conclusion, the author redefines the notions discussed in the article and proposes a conceptual framework for further research on voluntary childlessness in the Russian context.