Придворные геоманты в Корее в период Чосон (1392–1897)
Geomancy known in Korea as the ‘p’ungsu chiri seol theory’ first was introduced to Korean people with the works of a Buddhist monk Doseon (827-898). The theory was a synonym for traditional Korean geography, and soon became popular and wide-spread. The article focuses on the role of a geomancer in Korea during the reign of the Joseon dynasty (1392-1897) and explores who the Joseon geomancers were: what social background and status they had, what education they were expected to have and what their duties were. In the end of the article I give a list of examples explaining the influence and importance of the p’ungsu chiri seol theory for Korean history and culture
The paper first presents an overview of historiographical political activity Honyen Park (1920-1953). Name a prominent patriot and revolutionary force in Park Honyen political affiliation divided Korea into oblivion. Park figure on the background of many famous fighters for the independence of Korea from Japanese domination worthy of attention because of its political activity is inextricably linked to the anti-Japanese struggle for the liberation of Korea. Member of the March First uprising Park Honyen one of the organizers and leaders of the Young Communist League of Korea, Secretary of the Communist Party of Korea. The main source base for writing this message served as documents of the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History (RGASPI) Foreign Policy Archives of the Russian Federation (AVP RF), publications of the Russian and foreign researchers of Korean history, memories of Honyen Park Korean Studies Professor F. Shabshinoy (in manuscript), completed in 1993, as well as archive daughter Park Honen - Viviane.In the Russian Korean studies, special study of the life and political career of the prominent figure of 1920 - 1950-ies Park Honyen not yet carried out. Objective presentation of historical facts will fill the "white spots" in the history of the Korean Peninsula, as well as understanding of the origins of the Soviet-Korean relations.
The changing situation in Korean peninsula arises the question as to whether US, China and Russia could jointly find the adequate answer to the critical issues on N.Korea At the same time all countries should remain in the framework of legality and act only by UN decision. Further testing of nuclear weapons by DPRK is likely to invoke stronger sanctions but the consequences there are uncertain. What is certain, however, is that the status quo cannot be maintained in the long term, as long as North Korea keeps developing nuclear weapons. We can see several paradoxes of the present situation. The first one is that DPRK being a country with very low level of economic development and zero-influence to the world economy was able to galvanize the global alignment of forces and behave as a very important «enfant terrible». In spite of the common threat even today after awesome statements from US and N. Korea’s sides to completely destroy each other and "peace with honor" attitude and real threat of war, it didn’t give birth of the obvious anti-N. Korean alliance with common views to the decision of this situation. The long-lasting situation in Korean peninsula today turned to be a global issue with many actors and vague prospects.
The collection includes reports and speeches of the participants of the International Symposium on the Korean diaspora living in China, Japan, Russia and the United States. Particular attention is paid to changes in these communities under the influence of external factors, region of residence, migration of Koreans from the Korean peninsula since the end of IXX - beginning. XX centuries. during the period of colonization by Japan in Korea. The texts are presented in the original language (Russian, Japanese, Chinese) and translated into Korean. In order to researchers, teachers, students, anyone interested in the issues of the Korean Peninsula states.
Invaluable role of Korean youth in the national liberation movement of Korea, in the fight against the Japanese colonization of the independence of the homeland. Analysis of activity of Korean youth organizations will allow to identify their role and place in the struggle for independence and its influence on the development of self-consciousness and national consciousness of the Korean youth. The article is devoted to the Korean youth movement in the 1920s. For the first time introduced into circulation new documents and materials from Russian archives, presents an analysis of the structure of various youth organizations, including the first Komsomol organizations in Korea, Manchuria, Japan and Russia. The main goals and objectives of youth organizations were directed not only to fight against the colonial domination of Japan, one of the main tasks of the Korean youth was educational activities directed at the elimination of Korean traditional values, the struggle for equality in society and in the family. Intuitively presented and ideological struggle between youth organizations, religious, socialist, communist and nationalist orientation, covers the activities of the Korean section of the Komsomol Communist Youth International (CIY). Sufficiently clear traced and ideological incompatibility not only in the youth movement, but also in general in the Korean independence movement.
Russia’s policy towards Northeast Asia cannot be understood independently of its general Asian strategy, primarily its pivot to Asia, which has practically become an official policy after 2014. We are witnessing two contradictory tendencies in Washington and Seoul. The Trump administration seeks to assume a tougher stance on North Korea. At the same time, South Korea’s new government is likely to be more moderate towards Pyongyang. At the same time Russian experts expressed considerable hope.
In the book for the first time the documents of the Archive of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Empire on Russian-Korean Relations (1820-1909), on the voluntary resettlement of Koreans in the Amur Region in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries are published. Also, the collection contains, previously published, documents and materials of the Russian State Historical Archives of the Far East (1864-1918). The reader is presented with a large amount of factual material that reveals the peculiarities of the migration policy of the Russian government in relation to the Koreans. The mechanism of building relations with migrants from Korea, their arrangement in Primorye, the role and place of Koreans in the development of the Russian Far East, in school education, as well as the participation of the Orthodox Church in the process of naturalization of Koreans in Russian culture is shown. Of interest are materials about the participation of Koreans in the national liberation movement of Korea in the Russian Far East. The book is addressed to researchers and administrative staff, teachers and students of humanitarian faculties as a reference tool, as well as for a wide range of readers interested in the East.
This article analyzes the archival materials and documents Archives of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Empire about Korean migration to Russia and the Russian-Korean relations from 1864 to 1918. On the basis of a large factual material reveals the features of the migration policy of the Russian government applied to the the Koreans in the Far East. Shows the mechanism of building relations with migrants from Korea, their arrangement in Primorye, the role and place of the Koreans in the development of Russian Far East, in school education, and the participation of the Orthodox Church in the process of naturalization of Koreans in the Russian culture.