Transition used to be seen as a unidirectional process: from plan to market, from public to private, from collective to individual. This research, on the contrary, focuses on the process of re-transition from over-marketization to a new form of state regulation in China's healthcare sector. Such process started in 2002 and included attempts to make provision of healthcare service a publicly funded industry. The new reform in China's healthcare sector is presented as a process of development of four medical insurance nets, namely UEBMI, NCMS, URBMI and BMI for migrant workers, and their subsequent integration into a universal coverage plan adopted in March 2009. It is demonstrated that after more than 20 years of marketization, Chinese leaders attempt to reengage with healthcare sector and make it effective instrument of state building.
Book review of CHINA 3.0, edited by Mark Leonard. London: European Council on Foreign Relations, 2012, 134 pp.
The article is dedicated to the increasing role of BRICS in post-crisis global transformations. It deals with the issue of gradual rooting of BRICS in the system of the international relations. A special attention is given to the potentialities of Russia in BRICS.
The article contains the feature of history of Huangpu (Whampoa) Military School, which was founded in 1924 by Chinese Nationalist Party (Guomindang) whith the USSR support and the Chinese communists participation. The author shows the significance of Huangpu image for the Guomindang and the CCP "symbolical policy", the role of the school not only in formation of the Guomindang army and in training its military cadres, but also as the base of some institutions of the major importance for the Guomindang power, such as bodies of political indoctrination and propaganda, special services, public organisations.
The article contains a comprehensive analysis of the situation on the Korean Peninsula due to the crisis in interKorean relations in 2013. Military, technical, strategic and political aspects of the conflict are considered.
The authorbelieves that the turning point in the career of Chiang kai-shek, who had no significant authority in China's political and military circles in the early 1920s, was when he became the head of "Doctor's Sun Yat-sen's Delegation" which visited Moscow in the autumn of the mission helped Chiang Kai-shek take the post of the Commandantof the Whampoa Military Academy and subsequently set up military units under his command.
The author argues that the crucial moment in career of Chiang Kai-shek, who in early1920s had no any political and military prestige, was the mission he executed in Moscow in autumn of 1923, when he headed so called “delegation of doctor Sun Yat-sen”. The success of the mission helped Chiang Kai-shek to hold the post of chief of Whampoa (Huangpu) Military Academy and thereby to get an opportunity to form military units over his command.
This article is based upon newly discovered archival documents from the Russian Archives of Social and Political History (RGASPI), including Deng Xiaoping's personal files as well as personal files of his classmates. It thoroughly examines Deng Xiaoping's days in Moscow in 1926-27 when he took classes at Sun Yat-sen University - leading Comintern school of higher learning. The authors meticulously research ideological and political impact of the Bolshevik education on the future great Chinese reformer. They conclusively demonstrate that Deng's study in Moscow at the time when the New Economic Policy was emphasized in the USSR greatly enriched his Marxist views. It laid theoretical foundations for the imminent emergence of the so-called Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the People's Republic of China.
December 11, 2016 marked the 15th anniversary of China's accession to the WTO. According to the Chinese side, this period is the basis for the automatic granting of China the status of a country with a market economy. What will change in relations between China and the European Union after this date and what is behind the reluctance of European countries to grant China this status? How will the results of the referendum in the UK affect the relations between China and the EU? What are the prospects for the conclusion of the EU-US Transatlantic partnership agreement and how will China's positions in Europe change as a result? These and other issues are discussed in this article.