Агрессивное поведение у народов ханты и манси: этнический аспект
Abstract: In this paper we present the data on aggressive behavior in Ob Ugric people (Khanty nd Mansi) and demonstrate the role of gender and age in selfratings on aggression. The data on Ob Ugric people are compared with other ethic groups. The traditional models of expression of aggression and mechanisms of it’s control in Ob Ugric people are revealed. This study is based on field data collected by us in KhantyMansiyskiy Autonomous Okrug.
The aim of the study is to determine the dependency of girls’ certain election of behavioral responses to frustrating situations in adolescence from complexes of roles specific to the participants of intra-family interaction in childhood. As the subjects were women aged 18-20 years, who are college students of Nizhny Novgorod. Testing was conducted using the following methods of blank: Methods SACS (coping strategies) S. Hobfoll (N.E. Vodopyanova and E.S.Starchenkova ), the method of "family social roles" (Child’s roles) (E.N.Vasileva, A . V.Orlov). The analysis of the data revealed complexes of roles for children, either increasing or decreasing the probability of assertiveness, aggression or avoidance of girls in response to stressful situation. Results can be used by psychologists-consultants working with the family, and psychologists, exploring this area of knowledge.
Persistently among the leading regions of the country since the 1990s, Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, like most of Russia’s resource abundant regions, was resilient in the aftermath of the global financial crisis, despite its exposure to international capital flows. In such resource abundant regions, long-run efficient and cooperative budget planning and performance largely account for their dynamic resilience.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.
This collection of essays was published in a form of a catalogue for one of the propgrams screened at the Yamagata International Documentary Film Fstival in October 2019. The program entitled "The Creative Treatment of Grierson in Wartime Japan" was co-organized by the Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival and the National Film Archive of Japan and presented a broad variety of wartime Japanese documentaries as well as British and Soviet films that have influenced them. The collection of essays explores the development of wartime Japanese documentary cinema from variety of historical and theoretical perspectives.