Студенческий дискурс о цифровом селф-трекинге: риторики и практики
The article examines how Russian students think about and engage with digital self-tracking technologies (mobile apps, wearable fitness trackers, smartwatches), which collect biometric and behavioral data. It presents the results of reflexive thematic analysis of students’ essays on the topic. What meanings of self-tracking are foregrounded in these works? How do students describe their experience of using self-tracking technologies? How is digital future envisioned and how is a futurological discourse of self-tracking constructed in these essays? The research has shown that self-tracking can be conceptualized as a “value-based”, “corporeal”, “social” and “technological” phenomenon. Virtually all students have certain experience of self-tracking, however, some of them attempt to limit it or have given it up for a number of reasons. Based on students’ stories (both from current and former users), the author suggests a tentative distinction between three styles of digital self-tracking: “gamer”, “manager” and “transformer”. For a “gamer” it is the thrill, enjoyment and the sense of novelty that matters. “Managers” aim at bringing order into their life and “thoughts”. “Transformers” wish to change themselves radically, at both the body and psyche levels. In reality any self-tracker combines all the three roles, but one of them is likely to dominate. In the students’ opinion, the existing self-tracking technologies cannot create a strong motivation for self-optimization, but in the future their effectiveness may increase. Some of the essays develop a dystopian discourse of self-tracking, pointing out a number of issues, such as: the use of personal data for corporate benefit, a prospect of coercive self-tracking (and total control), the transformation of social practices and institutions under the influence of “digital doubles”. Admitting the inevitability of further technological development, the essays’ authors emphasize that it is necessary to critically evaluate the possible consequences and risks of human beings’ and social life’s “datafication”
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests ofmodern technologies, including Big Data,Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0,Industrial Internetof Things,Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors showthat in case of development and adoption ofthe Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having asignificance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data,content data.
The authors compare the normative views of Russian and French students concerning the President of the country. The research is based on 200 interviews conducted in Moscow and in Paris. In the majority of cases students offered similar key features of an ideal president. However, the research shows that the category of an ideal president has different meaning among the young of Russia and France. So similar at fi rst glance, the images of the ideal French and Russian leaders, in fact, refl ect the different national views on the personal qualities which are necessary for the head of modern state.
This paper presents findings from in-depth interviews (N = 136) conducted among students at leading Russian universities. Qualitative analysis reveals a three-way divide in how the students imagine Russia’s future. The largest group is optimistic about Russia, seeing it as a global power. A second, smaller group expects Russia to decline in the coming years, while the third group is undecided and unwilling to make forecasts. The paper considers the arguments of the ‘optimists’ and ‘pessimists’, who respectively backed and criticized Crimea’s incorporation into Russia. The paper highlights the association between support for the annexation and optimism about Russia’s future.
The article addresses the understudied phenomenon of digital quantification of the body and everyday life, which has arisen due to the spreading of wearable and mobile fitness technologies. The author reviews a number of recent studies which have contributed significantly to the conceptualization of digital self-tracking. Examining various approaches and directions in the study of self-tracking the author focuses on three aspects: a) on the manifestations and discourses of self-tracking; b) on its styles and practices; and c) on its social contexts and effects. The works under review show how trackers of physical and social activities can transform people’s everyday practices and how users interact with fitness technologies, interpret quantified data and construct their own embodied identity. Importantly, the efficiency of self-tracking tools is associated with their “sociability” and “intelligence” — the qualities achieved through anthropomorphization of digital devices and creating a culture of sharing. It is also underscored that the practice of self-tracking goes beyond individual experience, actively invading other social worlds, and may eventually become an inherent feature of a “sensor society”. Summarizing the outcomes of current research, the author comes to a conclusion that further conceptualization of digital self-tracking must take into account its complex and multi-vector nature. On the one hand, self-tracking is productive, as it contributes to broadening the possibilities for self-knowledge and self-management, on the other hand, it can have disciplining, discriminating, coercive and alienating effects.
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests of modern technologies, including Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0, Industrial Internet of Things, Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors show that in case of development and adoption of the Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having a significance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data, content data.
The influence of available information on personal development and on the formation of pseudo-complemented discussed in this paper. Free access to information leads to a sense of «know-it-all» and a wealth of skills and knowledge. This phenomenon can be particularly evident in children and adolescents who have not yet learned social norms, have poorly developed critical thinking and don’t know how to select and analyze information.
The collection contains articles that were published as a result of the work of the 7th International Scientific Interdisciplinary Conference on Research and Methodology Institute of Foreign Languages (RUDN University). The main goal of the conference - to reveal the diversity of functional aspects of intercultural communication within the process of world education integration, to focus on translation and interpreting issues in the conditions of the modern society.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.