Другая вечность: мгновенность материи у Платона
The article raises the question of the relation of the receptacle to time in the Timaeus. If eternity is the essential characteristic of the forms, and time — of the world, then what is the temporal status of the receptacle? On the one hand, it exists before the creation of the cosmos, i.e., out of time. On the other hand, it is opposite to the model, i.e., cannot be eternal. In this case, Plato’s philosophy leaves room for something other, third, besides eternity and time. It is argued, that Plato’s discussion of a strange instantaneousness (τὸ ἐξαίφνης) in the Parmenides can shed light on this third temporal status. In the article, first, I criticize the possibility of describing the receptacle in terms of eternity (at least in the same sense as the eternity of the forms is understood). Second, I consider the semantics of the word ἐξαίφνης in various dialogues of Plato and analyze the role of the concept τὸ ἐξαίφνης in the Parmenides. Third, I give reasons why it is possible to use the Parmenides’ argument about instantaneousness in the discussion of the receptacle in the Timaeus. Finally, I explain the role of the instantaneousness of the receptacle in the system of the Timaeus.