О соотношении базового и проектного обучения в бизнес-образовании школьников
The article summarizes the experience of a summer project school at the faculty of pre-university training at the Higher School of Economics (HSE). Peculiarities of the project format of education during the school holidays are considered. An attempt was made to analyze such features of project implementation as choosing a project topic, forming teams to develop a project to the state of readiness for implementation, and concentrating on the subjective efforts of schoolchildren. When comparing subject-oriented school projecting with entrepreneurial designing, the following advantages are noted in the summer school. Holding a school in summer allows you to organize teamwork of students from different schools and different classes (5-6, 7-9, 9-10 classes); developers are united into teams when they select the actual topic of the project, which is based on a problem that is of interest for schoolchildren; entrepreneurial skills training takes place during communication between young people with a leading teacher (business coach), as well as within the team (self-training). Focusing on the projects development in a short time (40 academic hours) allows students to see the real result of applying their own knowledge and creative efforts. At the same time, holding a summer school in a project format is an educational project in itself, requiring a customer-oriented approach from the organizers (marketing efforts), when they should provide a comfortable learning environment for students, use (apply) and develop modern teaching and health-saving technologies.