Морское пиратство в Юго-Восточной Азии: региональный аспект
Nowadays maritime piracy is one of the most serious non-traditional
security challenges. After significant progress in the fight against maritime piracy in
Somalia waters, the situation with maritime piracy and maritime terrorism in South-East
Asia once again became the focus of attention of not only regional powers, but also
extra-regional actors. At the same time, the ASEAN members States have consistently
opposed the internationalization of the South-East Asia maritime piracy problem
considering the situation from the point of view of protecting their own sovereignty.
However, the regional states themselves do not have sufficient capacity to effectively
counter maritime piracy, despite some successes in this field.
As before, the latest issue of the “West – East – Russia” Yearbook covers major events, processes and trends of 2014 related to interactions between the developed Center and World Periphery and Semi-Periphery. Russia’s interests and positions in this context is important theme for us. Special attention is given to conflicts in Ukraine which were meaning not only at national or regional level, but also led to a restructuring of the World political space, confrontation between the West and Russia. Different problems in separate regions (including East Asia, South-East Asia, Latin America, Africa, CIS etc.) are examined. As usual, there is some information on ecological problems, academic activities and recently published books.
The monography is devoted to the analysis of the current problems of the legal regulation of the employment contract in the countries of the Association of South-Еast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in terms of identifying general and specific trends in this area.
The paper shows that the labour legislation of the ASEAN countries is constantly developing, The main goal is the unification of the legal regulation of employment agreement in the menber states.
The idea of nafs (literally arab. soul; self) is on the list of the key Sufi concepts; the term assumed importance both in doctrine and in the stories of the saints or the “God’s friends” (awliyā), who were always in struggle with their carnal souls and never persevered in attempts to tame the recalcitrant nafs. The first part of the paper gives a brief overview of the meaning of the term nafs (from the Quran to Sufi teachings) and traces the stage by stage development of the “carnal soul” connotation; the variety of the translations is also under discussion. The second part centres around the uses of the term in ʻAttar’s compendium Taẕkirat al awliyā (Memorial of God’s Friends). The narrative there is permeated with episodes of self-restraint; the descriptions of a Saint’s struggle with his own self (nafs) or his carnal soul (nafs) constitute a specific theme cluster of the hagiographic narration. ʻAttar mostly translated the stories from the Arab sources, however he arranged them following the Iranian didactic tradition. Under his pen nafs has become a narrative personage, a devious and perfidious character more powerful than Iblis himself.
Interrogating Modernity returns to Hans Blumenberg's epochal The Legitimacy of the Modern Age as a springboard to interrogate questions of modernity, secularisation, technology and political legitimacy in the fields of political theology, history of ideas, political theory, art theory, history of philosophy, theology and sociology. That is, the twelve essays in this volume return to Blumenberg's work to think once more about how and why we should value the modern. Written by a group of leading international and interdisciplinary researchers, this series of responses to the question of the modern put Blumenberg into dialogue with other twentieth, and twenty-first century theorists, such as Arendt, Bloch, Derrida, Husserl, Jonas, Latour, Voegelin, Weber and many more. The result is a repositioning of his work at the heart of contemporary attempts to make sense of who we are and how we’ve got here.
The name of Irakli Luarsabovich Andronikov (1908-1990), Doctor of Philology, Professor, State Prize Laureate, People's Artist of the USSR, in memory of many. He is an outstanding figure in Russian education: an enthusiastic researcher of literature, a writer, a master of oral storytelling, a pioneer of television, and a connoisseur of art. The collection dedicated to him included a variety of materials: articles, reports at conferences, art essays, memoirs and dedications. A significant part of them is published for the first time.
The article analyzes the issues of the policy regarding intangible cultural heritage, which is carried out in modern Vietnam. The selection of objects that are recognized as cultural heritage at the national level, as well as being promoted to the List of UNESCO World Heritage Masterpieces, is associated with the specifics of constructing the image of national culture. Despite the obvious positive aspects of the work of protecting national traditions, the theme of culture in Vietnam has the ideological significance, and it affects the authenticity of preserved or restored cultural phenomena. The national myth, which is constructed through cultural heritage policies, comes down to the ideas about the antiquity of the Vietnamese nation and its descent from the Hung Kings, and about the antiquity and continuity of the Vietnamese cultural tradition, which dates back directly to the era of the Hung Kings and carries the features of national identity formed at that time. Such a vision of history and culture is not correct, since the Vietnamese culture developed under the influence of Chinese, and Vietnamese ethnogenetic myths in the form that has survived, bear the imprint of Chinese influence. A special place in the construction of the image of national culture is given to song lore. We believe that actions aimed at enhancing the status of musical folklore have the goal of restoring the traditions of performing folk songs and attracting the interest of youth in this form of activity. We think that the availability of folk songs, the performance of which does not require special skills and special equipment, their potential to turn into mass art makes the promotion of song lore a priority for Vietnamese. Rich and diverse musical folklore is becoming the cornerstone in shaping the image of national culture.
The article observes “holy letters” (special genre of religious folklore), which circulated in Soviet villages, towns and cities in 1940–1950s. Analysis of the reaction on those letters from the Soviet control organs allows to reconstruct several fears (and the eschatological fear – among them), which were intrinsic to different groups of the post-war Soviet society. In contrast to similar texts of the first half of the XX century, the fear of the Last days was combined in the “holy letters” of the post-war years with the technological fears (industrial accidents, Nuclear war).