Russia is the largest trade and economic partner of ASEAN among the EEU countries. At the same time, the potential of mutual trade between the EAEU and ASEAN as a whole is far from being fully realized. One of the reasons for this is the lack of direct access to the sea from the rest of the EAEU, while ASEAN foreign trade is dominated by maritime transport. However, the ASEAN states often face serious О. Г. Парамонов55difficulties because of lack of modern railways as a necessary complement to the port infrastructure. Under current conditions, new opportunities are opening up for Russia both in the international market for transport services and in the implementation of infrastructure projects. This article deals with such opportunities and associated risks.
The article studies migration processes in the post-Soviet space in the context of Eurasian integration. It is noted that recently, due to the natural population decline in Russia, migration is one of the mechanisms for compensating for demographic problems. An important factor determining migration processes is Eurasian integration. The article indicates that the creation of the EAEU and its expansion provides legal access to the Russian labor market for an increasing number of post-Soviet countries. The authors consider the demographic situation in Russia and the need for labor migration. They indicate that the peculiarity of Russia is a rather low life expectancy compared to other urbanized industrial countries, especially for men. Talk about the general situation with migration in Russia in 2017. The key longterm trends of labor migration to Russia are indicated. The possible expansion of the EAEU is considered as a factor determining migration. In this regard, security threats associated with Central Asian labor migration are identified. Also scenarios for the development of migration to Russia from post-Soviet countries, including in the context of Eurasian integration processes are indicated.
Increased and diversified tensions in Russian-Western relations and first Russian-American relations are not only а result of propaganda pressure. They also reflex a number of conflicting realities of the contemporary system of international political and economic relations that involve Russia as an important player. The role of Russia is especially noticeable now that the process of development of the architecture of a new global system is underway. Hostile or confrontational position of Russia could be a major risk as well as a factor that can change the strategic context of the global competition. The emerging system looks much different from the one that formed the basis on which the world developed during the last 30 years. In that environment a potential hostile position of Russia is regarded as a major risk. But the active involvement of Russia into most important recent global economic and political developments prevents the situation of surpassing the limits of the «non-zero sum game»
Nowadays maritime piracy is one of the most serious non-traditional security challenges. After significant progress in the fight against maritime piracy in Somalia waters, the situation with maritime piracy and maritime terrorism in South-East Asia once again became the focus of attention of not only regional powers, but also extra-regional actors. At the same time, the ASEAN members States have consistently opposed the internationalization of the South-East Asia maritime piracy problem considering the situation from the point of view of protecting their own sovereignty. However, the regional states themselves do not have sufficient capacity to effectively counter maritime piracy, despite some successes in this field.
Central Asia as a region has become a subject of scientific research not so long ago. Complicated historic background that includes the long period of being a part of another states influenced rather seriously the feeling of subjectivity of the countries of the region. As a result, after the collapse of the USSR in 1991 a difficult period commenced when the countries of the region started to construct their own political and economic relations with foreign counterparts including their neighbors, regional and global powers. During this more then 25-years long period of independence countries of Central Asia have accumulated rich experience of interaction with the US, China, Russia, the EU, Japan, South Korea and other states interested in the region in terms of their own national interests. Besides bilateral relations with Central Asian states some of these countries are trying now to develop multilateral formats of interaction with the region. Divergent national interests, peculiarities of socioeconomic and political development of Central Asian states inevitably influence their relations with other countries and the efficiency of multilateral formats. “5+1” dialogues with Central Asian states are being developed by the US, the EU, Japan and South Korea. These formats differ in their goals, mechanisms, areas of cooperation and give participants possibilities to realize different national interests. 22 Население региона сравнительно молодое, средний возраст жителей – около 26 лет. Трудоспособная его часть (в возрасте от 15 до 64 лет) и в обозримом будущем будет составлять в среднем 65–67 %. Е. С. Алексеенкова 41 The paper presents an analysis of these formats aiming to reveal the principal interested actors, preliminary results and possibilities for further development. The analysis could be helpful for strategic planning of Russia’s approaches to relation with Central Asian states.