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Article

Типология институтов генерации научных знаний университетами

Попов Е. В., Сандлер Д. Г., Попова Н. Г., Кочетков Д. М., Баженова В. И.

The effectiveness of scientific knowledge generation in the new economy becomes critical for the functioning of the economic system. University is the main «producer» of scientific knowledge and a key actor of economic transformation at each level of analysis (country, region, city). There are many models for evaluating universities' impact on the regional economies. The aim of the work is the development of a common tool for analysis based on the institutional economic theory. The methodological basis of the work is the model of institutional configuration of knowledge generation. To bridge the artificial gap in the subject-object relationship, the problem has been analyzed on the basis of the methodological unity of the actors, stakeholders and institutions, as well as their interrelations with the environment (natural, political, social, economic, cultural). The authors have proposed an original institutional typology of knowledge generation by universities based on the popular model of corporate knowledge management SECI. By means of this model, the institutions of socialization, externalization, combination and internalization of knowledge were identified. A number of indicators has been formulated that can be used for the purposes of indicative planning and statistical analysis. The results of the work can be also used to conduct further theoretical and applied research in the field of analysis of regional higher education systems. In addition, the model is of potential interest for politicians in the development of regional and national educational policies.