ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ БЛАГОПОЛУЧИЕ ЖЕНЩИН СРЕДНЕГО ВОЗРАСТА С РАЗНЫМ БРАЧНЫМ СТАТУСОМ. РОЛЬ СЕПАРАЦИИ ОТ РОДИТЕЛЬСКОЙ СЕМЬИ
The empirical research is devoted to the problem of psychological well-being of middle-aged women with different marital statuses. The sample of the study consisted of 365 women aged from 35 to 56 years old, among whom there were women who were married (for the first, second or third time), divorced and never married. Methods were used: «The scale of psychological well-being» (K. Riff) in the adaptation of Shevelenkova, Fesenko; “Psychological Separation Questionnaire” (J. Hoffman) in the adaptation of. Dzukayeva and Sadovnikova, “Satisfaction Survey of Marriage” (Stolin, Romanova and Butenko).
The study showed that the marital status of middle-aged women, regardless of the quality of the relationship, is related to their psychological well-being. Married women are more satisfied with their lives than never married, and those who are divorced are intermediate in terms of psychological well-being. In the third marriage, the psychological well-being of women is significantly higher than in the first two. Women who have never been married are less separated from their parents than those who are married. In general, with the accumulation of different experiences of marital relations by a woman, various aspects of her relationship with her parents are better restructured. Psychological well-being of middle-aged women is more related to satisfaction with marriage in the first and second marriages, in the third marriage only personal autonomy of the woman is associated with marital satisfaction. The nature of the relationship of psychological well-being with separation is different in women with different marital status. Most strongly, this relationship is expressed at women in a second marriage, somewhat less so at divorced and those who have never been married. The role of separation from father and mother is different for women with different marital status.