This article is a review focused on a new book by a well-known historian Galina Ivanova "Soviet Schooling in the 1950s-60s". In the author's opinion, the main achievement of this monograph is its scope: this is a first conceptual analysis of Soviet schoolong of the "Thaw" period from social history's point of view and in a context of Soviet society's general history. However, this choice of a conceptual framework causes some shortcomings of this book as well. The author shows that the book doesn't take into account some important issues of schooling of the "Thaw" period, such as regional diversity of schooling, new practices of school nurturing, or changes in children's periodicals, -- all these transformations can be considered as objects of cultural or intellectual history, not of social history; thus, a frame of "pure" social history may . Moreover, the author calls into question the ways of interpreting sources used in Galina Ivanova's monograph.