Практика внедрения проектно-ориентированного обучения в вузе
The modern system of higher education involves the active introduction of a practice-oriented approach, which is based not only on the educational process, but also on the formation of the student’s personality. The implementation of a practice-oriented approach implies that students acquire not only practical but also social competencies that they need for their future professional activity. Project activity HSE is presented as a separate type of educational activity of students as part of the educational program with credit units. The project seminar is an educational form of organizational and educational support for project activities. Not directly related to the forms of project implementation, the project seminar aims to form students' project competencies, skills of project interaction and project management. The practice of implementing a project seminar on undergraduate programs began in 2014, on graduate programs from 2018. This study is devoted to the analysis of the practice of project work of undergraduate students in educational programs of economic profile. The study is based on the analysis of the HSE – Perm, the survey involved 117 respondents, of which 8 teachers, 5 customer representatives and 104 students from different courses (the sample corresponds to a confidence accuracy of 95 % and an error of 10 % with a total population of 983 students).
Research question. Since 2014, HSE has been implementing a special practice of project-oriented training in undergraduate programs, which is to implement projects and a project seminar and to involve students in practical programs (applied projects). This practice has methodological support in the form of local regulations, but, in fact, there are ample opportunities for educational programs on the features of implementation. At the same time, a large number of participants were included in the process of implementing this practice and, in order to identify common benefits and difficulties in implementing such an approach, we launched this study. Accordingly, the purpose of the study is to evaluate the practice of introducing project-oriented education on the example of undergraduate economic programs at HSE – Perm, identify problems and identify ways to improve this process.