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Article

Catherine the Great's Foreign Policy Reconsidered

Journal of Modern Russian History and Historiography, USA. 2019. No. 12. P. 169-187.

Catherine ii’s foreign policy has been traditionally considered very successful. She
won three wars and incorporated large territories into the Russian Empire making her
country one of Europe’s great powers. But arguments for this kind of evaluation miss
Catherine’s own perspective. The article argues that the empress failed to reach any of
the initial goals she had put forward. Her foreign policy lacked a considered long-term
strategy and from the very start was characterized by a series of mistakes. Catherine
did turn Russia into a great power but with quite a different reputation from what she
initially had planned.