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Синельникова В. Н., Матвеев А. Г.

Introduction: efficient legal protection of intellectual outputs is essential for the dynamic
development of modern society. The list of intellectual property objects is not intended to be exhaustive,
separate outputs lose their relevance and become excluded from the list of protected
objects, while new ones, on the contrary, are added to it. Purpose: this work aims to identify the
tendencies regarding the extension of the range of intellectual property objects at the beginning
of the 21st century, and to define the scientific and technological progress results that were
granted protection under the influence of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and other factors.
Methods: the method of formal logic, historical, comparative legal, systemic structural and
formal dogmatic methods were used in course of the analysis. Results: international legal regulation
does not provide clearly-defined guidelines to restrict the sphere of intellectual property.
This factor undoubtedly contributes to expanding the list of its objects. At the beginning of the
21st century, law-based lists of copyrighted works did not include any new items. The institute of
neighboring rights is most dynamically developing in the Law of the European Union. The Directive
on Copyright in the Digital Single Market proposes recognizing two new neighboring
rights. One of them is the right of the press publishers for online use of their publications by the
news aggregators. The other neighboring right included into the draft Directive was the right to
coverage of sporting events. However, in February, 2019, the provisions on this right were excluded
from the Directive. In our opinion, biomedical cell products constitute new objects of
civil circulation that require their own legal regulation as intellectual property constituents.
Conclusions: intellectual property law cannot and should not undergo changes with the emergence
of every new kind of objects. The contemporary challenge facing civil jurisprudence and
the legislature is to formulate universal regulations that would make it possible to protect the
rights of authors and developers of technological solutions even at the stage of experiments.