Векторы управления в фокусе права
Ensuring sustainable socio-economic development of Russia is largely associated with governance based on law. This relationship is not easy to detect and ensure due to the diversity of management development, despite the nomination of strategic goals, there are deviations in the legal sphere from the established goals and principles of legal regulation. The article is based on the generalization of the materials of public and economic institutions, the author’s experience of many years of participation in the preparation of draft laws and other legal acts and the study of their implementation. The data of social research and scientific materials on this topic were used.
During the analysis of the problems it was possible to identify the system of legal regulators, through which the strategic and national goals of the country and individual areas of economic development are established. Changes oft en occur without deep justification and the introduction of a management mechanism, and as a result, the subjects of management seem to break away from the objects of influence and act in their own «management circle».
An important vector of development of management is the active use of the human factor and the participation of citizens in the management of state affairs. In the meantime, the passivity of people and the diversity of their social and legal roles, which are always consistent with the principles of democracy and the rule of law, are observed. Public institutions may be left without the support of citizens. Meanwhile, the sociology of law and legal psychology contribute to an increase in the «zone» of lawful behavior and the effectiveness of legal decisions and actions. It is necessary to take into account the influence of the external environment on the legal consciousness and behavior of citizens.
The behavioural mechanism of governance and law is changing due to an increasing share of new information technologies. Digitalization aff ects the competence of the authorities and the implementation of decisions, the style of management personnel, the overall regulatory space. Robotics programs expand the possibilities of narrowing accounting and financial transactions, increase the volume of forecasting and analytical management functions. It requires a consistent solution of legal, organizational and other tasks. The main thing is to improve the quality of management to achieve the strategic goals of the country.