Дополнительное образование детей: от стратегии выживания к стратегии развития
The article is based on the survey data retrieved from parents whose children attend extracurricular educational organizations. The surveys were carried out twice, in 2013-2014 and 2016, by National Research University Higher School of Economics jointly with «Yuri Levada Analytical Center». These were «Monitoring of Education Markets» and «Monitoring the Economics of Education». The article focuses on parents' preferences when choosing an organization of extracurricular education and criteria of their choice. Based on the outcome of the polls we distinguished and conducted a comparative analysis of criteria meaningful for parents. We believe that information about extracurricular educational programs and the conditions for their implementation influence parents' choice of extracurricular educational organizations. Identifying parental preferences and children's interests is important to ensure effective information support of educational organization. Parents should have access to information that is of value to them.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.