Структурно-семантические варианты сочетания глагола LASSEN с инфинитивом
The article examines the combination of the German verb lassen with an infinitive as an entire infinitival structure, where each component influences the creation of grammatical meanings of the whole structure. On the basis of this point of view the structural components which determine the meanings are analysed and described. Such factors as the lexical realization of a subject, presence and the lexical and morphological realization of an object, as well as the transitivity of a verb in an infinitival form are recognized to be significant. These characteristics of the structure-building components allow us to single out six models of the infinitival structure with lassen and describe their meanings and their forming mechanisms. The research has shown that the main modal meanings (causativeness, permissiveness and possibility) are specified according to structure-building components, such as: verbal and non-verbal causation, permissiveness, intentional or involuntary allowance of action, order, wish and reason. Some of them combine with the passive meaning.