Информационный обзор: категории толерантность/политкорректность как объект лингвистического осмысления
The review presents the analysis of the content and linguo-cultural and philosophical
investigation approaches to the categories of tolerance and political correctness,
along with the main directions, trends and priorities for the development of relevant categories
research in Russian and world science.
The need to develop a tool to measure tolerance has recently appeared on the
agenda of the Russian scientific community. While emphasizing the relevance of the
language used by mass media and politicians, political scientists, sociologists, ethnographers,
historians, register the manifestation of ethnic, racial, religious tolerance or intolerance
in the language, thus directly or indirectly provoking aggression. It is known
Вопросы психолингвистики 4 (38) 2018 217
Романова Т.В. Информационный обзор: категории толерантность...
that the notions of “security” and “geopolitics” also correspond to the sociopolitical and
sociolinguistic parameters of intolerant speech behavior: they position “the Other” as a
threat to the basic values that define the collective identity, and therefore derive these
values from the political sphere.
In the context of solving problems of ethno-confessional security, countering xenophobia
and developing tolerance in multi-ethnic and multi-religious Russia, it is necessary
to regard tolerance as a cultural, psychological, political phenomenon. At the same
time, the approach embracing linguistic phenomenon of tolerance via culture of speech,
stylistics, rhetoric, communication theory, discursive practices, and assessment has not
been sufficiently investigated. The review refers to studies devoted mainly to the linguistic
aspect of tolerance, in which communicative technologies of tolerance are identified;
the present-day cultural situation in the Russian Federation is measured and analyzed.