The study showed that composition of audience groups and the ratio among them has transformed substantially in recent years. Requirements of contemporary audience (including information, entertainment, communication, etc.) have grown significantly in comparison with the recent past. Share of political content in the entertainment sphere is increasing steadily. Although institutionalized groups and associations with the help of professional journalists contribute and distribute the biggest part of political media content, the increasingly big part of it is produced by users themselves. A new classification of media consumer types was proposed.
The article examines the perception and evaluation of the personal characteristics of the modern businessman in different linguistic cultures. A study conducted on the material of the questionnaire survey of 500 respondents from Russia, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, England and America showed that in all the above countries the evaluation of qualitative characteristics of the businessman depends on the social, occupational, age and other characteristics of the respondents.
The article presents the results of the research of linguistic peculiarities in expression of personal opinion about the protest movement on Twitter in the USA. In the first part of the article there is an overview of the event, its description and specific features. There is also described the role of new media in coverage of the political events. Further in the investigation there was examined Twitter as a means of communication. The core part of the article presents a content analysis of the messages taken from Twitter microblog and exposed to linguistic analysis. In the end of the article there is a conclusion, based on the research data which is also presented in tables.
The article – on the basis of association experiments – dwells on three Russian non-equivalent units as related to the Japanese language. Russian respondents’ views evolution is examined for the period from early 1990s to mid 2000s. Special attention is attributed to the moral content of reactions offered by the respondents.
This article presents the results of a psycholinguistic experimental study carried out to investigate comprehension of a foreign language text. This research is based on the "counter-text" method which was suggested and developed by A.I. Novikov and the dominant principle by A.A. Ukhtomsky. We applied the "counter-text" method to identify and verbalize the dominants which are present in mind of those who comprehend the text. We assume that these dominants influence the process of meaning creation. The aim of our experimental study was to find a dominant focus common to a certain group of subjects. We analyzed the reactions of the recipients who were to read two texts – a journalistic and a literary one. The study involved 20 people (philologists, senior school students and technical specialists). The research findings confirm the hypothesis of an "active role of the recipient" and help to explicate the process of meaning creation, reveal its regularities as well as factors influencing it. Analysis of the obtained "counter texts" allows us to conclude that there is a certain "collective" dominant common to all participants of one social group.
Under the influence of globalization, the status and functions of English in non-English -speaking countries (the so-called "expanding circle" countries) are changing. Global English is becoming part of the local communicative space and is increasingly used as an independent means of generating meaning. The aim of the present study is to investigate into the peculiarities of the perception of the English language in the Russian society and to describe its indexical capacities in three different "niches" of the Russian-speaking communicative space: professional communication, the area of science and education, and leisure area. An overall methodological approach taken in the research is that of the sociolinguistics of globalization: the view at of language as a mobile translocal resource and the ideological motivation of the construction of meaning. In the research a complex methodology was used, including methods of sociolinguistics, semantic interpretation and ethnographic methods; data from earlier studies were also used. The analysis showed that the indexical potential of the English language is realized differently in different areas of communication. In the professional sphere, use of English connotes professional competence and serves as a means of constructing a professional identity. In the academic environment, it indexes innovation and progress, it can be used as a "brand" and a means of "promotion" in project activities. In the sphere of leisure, anglicisms connote modernity, creativity and serve as a symbol of the global consumerist culture. English performs the function of constructing meaning explicitly (when English words are actually present in communication) and implicitly (by means of creating loans and "appropriating" English-speaking communicative norms). Along with this, English serves as a mediator in ideological transformations and shifts in the worldview, which can be considered a consequence of linguistic and cultural globalization.
The article presents the analysis of the content is devoted to the events of 1917, to identify assessments of the historical events in the linguistic consciousness of modern young users. The complexity of the tasks set in the study, identified using an interdisciplinary approach. To obtain empirical material, reflecting the relevant material was conducted following procedures: a mass survey and focus-group interviewing; content analysis devoted to the 1917 harvested from social networks (Facebook, Vkontakte, livejournal); analysis of essays devoted to this subject. Data processing was carried out using the software "Automap". Also used method of coordination management of meaning - CMM (Pearce B., V. Cronen). The study revealed that the content devoted to the events of the October Socialist Revolution does not occupy a large place in the modern communicative space. A mixture of facts from different eras evidenced by the lack of adequate interpretation in the content associated with the events of 1917, which is created by young people.
The review presents the analysis of the content and linguo-cultural and philosophical investigation approaches to the categories of tolerance and political correctness, along with the main directions, trends and priorities for the development of relevant categories research in Russian and world science. The need to develop a tool to measure tolerance has recently appeared on the agenda of the Russian scientific community. While emphasizing the relevance of the language used by mass media and politicians, political scientists, sociologists, ethnographers, historians, register the manifestation of ethnic, racial, religious tolerance or intolerance in the language, thus directly or indirectly provoking aggression. It is known Вопросы психолингвистики 4 (38) 2018 217 Романова Т.В. Информационный обзор: категории толерантность... that the notions of “security” and “geopolitics” also correspond to the sociopolitical and sociolinguistic parameters of intolerant speech behavior: they position “the Other” as a threat to the basic values that define the collective identity, and therefore derive these values from the political sphere. In the context of solving problems of ethno-confessional security, countering xenophobia and developing tolerance in multi-ethnic and multi-religious Russia, it is necessary to regard tolerance as a cultural, psychological, political phenomenon. At the same time, the approach embracing linguistic phenomenon of tolerance via culture of speech, stylistics, rhetoric, communication theory, discursive practices, and assessment has not been sufficiently investigated. The review refers to studies devoted mainly to the linguistic aspect of tolerance, in which communicative technologies of tolerance are identified; the present-day cultural situation in the Russian Federation is measured and analyzed.
This article describes the results of an associative experiment conducted with students of the 1-4 courses of the Faculty of World Economy and World Politics and the School of Oriental Studies at the Higher School of Economics in order to identify students' ideas about the research skills in the dynamics of development from the 1st to the 4th course.
The results of the experiment are presented, which are interpreted meaningfully in the dynamics of development from the first to the fourth year. Comparison of the scientific understanding of research skills and the representation of the experience in the associative experiment show that in the minds of students these representations are broader and more diverse, especially due to the evaluation parameters, the inclusion of the personal qualities of the researcher and other concepts associated with them.
Language and speech are an integral part of people’s thinking and communication, but recently there has been an increase in the number of children with speech difficulties. The article focuses on the experience of successful dyslexia and dysgraphia correction of 10-year-old Russian speaking child. The correction program consisted of two stages. The first stage is a three-week intensive sessions aimed at improving and automating the child’s language and motor skills necessary for the successful implementation of reading and writing. The second stage is support classes for 12 months. Special attention is paid to the linguistic aspects of the program: the error analysis in terms of language theory and current data in the field of neurolinguistics; the methods help to identify the locus deficit; the principles that underlie the choice of exercises aimed at eliminating the deficit. The approach used may be of interest for professionals working with children suffering from dyslexia or dysgraphia (speech therapists, teachers of the Russian language, foreign language teachers), as well as professionals studying the mechanisms of occurrence and correction of language disorders (linguists, neurolinguists, neuropsychologists).
This study highlights the problem of intentional distortion of the writing skills of the writer. By intentional distortion the distortion caused by the intention of the text author, and the distortion caused by the circumstances of the external environment (for example, the will of third parties) are understood. The material for the study was person’s A confession. The document was subjected to linguistic analysis in the context of the trial in connection with the issue of exerting pressure on person A by law enforcement agencies when drafting the text of the confession. That is why the question whether there were any distortions of the author's speech skills in the analyzed document appeared (this distortion indirectly indicates the presence of pressure). It is important that in this case the authorship of the text by A is not denied.
While studying the document, language material was analyzed in the light of the language personality teaching. The study included two phases: linguistic analysis, and quantitative-linguistic analysis.
The result of the study was a mathematical model of the linguistic personality of the confession author (together with comparative samples of his written speech). This model revealed a discrepancy between the speech skills, explicated in the confession, and the stable speech skills of the face A.
This study focuses on the analysis of the various forms of communicative activity of Russian citizens on the Internet. Examines specific communication in virtual communities, forming a kind of virtual identity, which is impossible and even undesirable to perform in real life. The analysis of communicative behavior in online interactions identified five basic communication patterns.