О взаимосвязи структурных изменений и экономического роста в мировой экономике и России
The article analyzes the relationship of structural changes with economic growth in the world economy and Russia. The authors note the emergence of a growth model in the world economy based on the complementarity of economic policies aimed, on the one hand, at the development of fundamental foundations of economic growth (institutions, human capital, infrastructure, macroeconomic stabilization), and, on the other hand, at initiating growth through structural reforms (even under stable foundations). Analyzing the trends of structural changes in the world economy, the authors consider new forms of structural policy, in particular the kind that is aimed at the identification of sectors – the engines (or escalators) of economic growth using the portfolio approach. A preliminary version of the model of the Russian economy based on the multi-sector variety of the Thirwall law is constructed.