Использование базы данных ООН в изучении политики стран в области внутренней миграции
This paper investigates the use of the United Nations World Population Policies Database for research on internal migration policy. Internal migration is more extensive and, perhaps, even more significant for the economic, political, social and cultural development of society than international migration. Internal migration policy is not always singled out as an independent factor, but is generally treated as a part of other types of policies.
In order to summarize the experience of different countries, conduct international comparisons and identify regional and global tendencies in the implementation of policies on internal migration, the World Population Policy Database can be used. The database contains regularly updated information on the situation and trends in the implementation of population policy for all UN member states and some other territories. The main source of information is the official responses of the governments of these countries and territories to regularly distributed inquiries of the UN Population Division.
The database provides access to information about population policy and some demographic and socio-economic indicators from 1976 to 2015. The web interface makes it possible to create maps and graphs and to download datasets of policy data in the Excel format, and also contains sections with the latest publications that use the database and useful links (including links to other demographic databases). At the same time, it should be noted that the potential of the database on population policy for Russian studies on internal migration has not been adequately exploited.
The article covers principal provisions of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea. The study focuses on the specifics of acting legal regimes of liability for failing to preserve goods under carriage by sea and shows the necessity to make a uniform legal regulation. The article also shows wide boundaries for applying the new Convention compared to the apllicable one and the liability kept by the carrier for failing to preserve goods and for delaying its delivery. The difference has been given between negotiable and non-negotiable transport documents, and an electronic transport record has been described as an alternative to a «hard copy» document. The article is also supplied with considering issues of period of time for suit, jurisdiction, and arbitration.
UN Convention, regime of liability, expanding scope of action, liability for failing to preserve goods, delay in delivery, transport document, electronic transport record, period of time for suit, jurisdiction, arbitration
Economic crisis in globalized world made inevitable forging of a system of governance which would prevent the international community from large scale upheavals in future. The 2008-2009 summits of G-20 gave hope of a possibility to form a global political leadership. So far the system of international governance is being mapped up and appears in the form of a triangle with UN, G-20 and the most influential international institutions (WTO, IMF, MB) as its three facets.
This compendium comprises transcript of the workshop on ‘Human Rights on the Internet: legal frames and technological implications’ organized by the Higher School of Economics on the 7th Internet Governance Forum (Baku, Azerbaijan, 6–9 November, 2012) and relevant articles on legal and technological issues of Internet Governance in sphere of human rights, prepared by the group of legal and technical scholars of information studies of the Higher School of Economics. This compendium is devoted to the forthcoming 8th Meeting of the Internet Governance Forum on Bali, Indonesia, 22–25 October 2013.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.