Хайдеггер будущего и будущее Хайдеггера
Martin Heidegger’s philosophy had a profound influence on the late Soviet and post-Soviet philosophical
landscape. Nevertheless, there is no general picture of perception and critique of Heidegger’s
philosophy in Russia. This article deals with Heidegger’s entry into the Russian philosophical scene as a
philosopher of the future — a conservative critic of late modernity, a thinker of Being, and a “post” philosopher.
On the one hand, by virtue of the influence French post-modernism had on late Soviet and
post-Soviet philosophy, Russia has developed a special interest in Heidegger’s deconstruction theory.
On the other hand, the reception of critique given by Heidegger to European nihilism, totalitarianism
and machine technology, as the manifestations of modernity, has prompted significantly the interest
in “political ontology”. The specifics of reception of Heidegger in Russia can also be traced to a refusal
to make a strict division between the pure “core” of Heidegger’s philosophy and “accidental” circumstances
associated with social and political aspects of his work in 1930s. The ongoing discussion about
recently published Black Notebooks manifests not just the fact that there is a separate language of description
and analysis existing in Russian philosophical field but also the original tendency for holistic
consideration of Heidegger’s thinking, which includes not just his existential and historical reflections
but also political passages and critique of civilizational discourse. Besides the reviews of Black Notebooks
made by N. V. Motroshilova, V. V. Mironov and D. Mironova in the last year’s issues of Voprosy
Filosofii (a philosophical journal), the attention is focused on the earlier works by N. V. Motroshilova,
V. V. Bibikhin, A. V. Gulyga, V. A. Podoroga and A. G. Dugin, related to Heidegger’s overcoming of the
Western metaphysical tradition and his concept of a new beginning beyond Machenschaft. The article
is also devoted to considertion given to a new book by J. Love (2017) examining the philosophical influence
Heidegger exerts in Eastern Europe and Russia.